September 23

Sarah Robertson

Everything You Need to Know About Caring for a L006 Pleco(Brown Dot Peckoltia)

The L006 Pleco (Brown Dot Peckoltia) is rare to find in the aquarium trade. This species is native to Brazil. The l006 pleco (Brown Dot Peckoltia) gets its name from the brown dots that cover its body. They are peaceful fish that will do well in a community aquarium. This pleco can reach a length of 5 inches (12.5 cm).

The L006 Pleco is a nocturnal fish that will spend the majority of its time hiding in caves or other dark places in the aquarium. It is important to provide this fish with plenty of hiding places. A good diet for this fish includes meaty foods, algae wafers, and fresh vegetable matter. This pleco is a good algae eater and will help to keep the aquarium clean through algae control.

The L006 Pleco is an easy fish to care for and makes a great addition to the community aquarium. Because their hues are a bit muted, this pleco isn't as popular as the gold nugget pleco, which usually ranges in the same locations. They enjoy huge tanks with excellent filtration, and they like rock and wood décor. They will not touch plants, So a planted aquarium is a good choice.

Quick Facts about L006 Pleco

  • Scientific Name: Peckoltia oligosplia, Chaetostomus oligospilus
  • Other Names: Brown Dot Peckoltia, L006, Peckoltia Oligospila, Leopard Pleco
  • Origin: Brazil
  • Distribution: Tocantins and Capim river drainages, lower Amazon River basin, Brazil.
  • Lifespan: 10 Years
  • Max size: Up to 5 inches
  • Food: Pellet, Frozen food, Flake
  • Temperature: 24.0-26.0°C or 75.2-78.8°F
  • PH: 6.4 - 7.2
  • Hardness: 36 – 268 ppm
  • Minimum Tank Size: The smallest aquarium should have base dimensions of 120 ∗ 30 cm or close to that.

L006 Pleco Care

They are simple to maintain if given the correct circumstances; We highly recommend keeping them in a tank that replicates a flowing stream with varied-sized rocks, sand, fine gravel, and water-worn boulders as a substrate.

This can be enhanced with driftwood branches, terracotta pipes, plant pots, and other items to create a network of nooks, crannies, and shaded areas that offer jagged lines of sight.

Always remember to keep the water well-oxygenated with a moderate flow using a canister filter HOB filter and do weekly 20-50% water changes using a gravel vacuum. Proper water parameters are also crucial, so make sure to keep the pH level between 6.4 – 7.2 and the temperature at 24 – 26°C or 75.2 – 78.8°F.

L006 Pleco Size 

The average adult size of the L006 pleco is 12.5 cm or 5 inches. Since they are relatively small in size, they are a perfect candidate for smaller aquariums. Their growth can be stunted if they don't have enough hiding places or if the water parameters are not ideal, so make sure to provide them with plenty of places to hide and that the water is well-oxygenated and has a moderate flow. Small fish size also indicates they are less likely to uproot plants.

L006 Pleco Lifespan 

The L006 Pleco can live up to 10 years if given the proper care. They are a hardy species that is not susceptible to many diseases. The key to a long and healthy life for this pleco is to provide them with a clean and well-oxygenated aquarium and a nutritious diet. Regular water changes and gravel vacuuming are also important to remove any waste buildup that can lead to health problems which further shorten their lifespan.

Brown Dot Peckoltia

L006 Pleco Appearance

L006 Pleco is a beautiful tiny pleco with pale brown scales and darker brown spots. The caudal, dorsal, and pectoral fins' tips might occasionally be orange. It has a forked tail and an elongated body. Just like other pleco species, it has a sucker mouth that helps it attach to rocks and other surfaces. The bottom of their body is usually lighter in color than the top and it is flat. They are small-size plecos which makes them a good option for smaller aquariums.

Sexual Dimorphism 

A series of caudal peduncular and opercle odontodes are present on adult males.

When viewed from above, sexually mature males are significantly more slender and less robust than females. This can be readily seen when the fish are looked at from above.

L006 Pleco Behavior 

L006 Pleco is relatively peaceful. They may, nevertheless, get territorial with conspecifics and similarly-shaped species. They do well in a community aquarium. This fish spends the day hidden away in one of its hiding places, but during nighttime, it becomes active and forages for food.

They will generally emerge from their shell once they have been acclimated and become lively and very enjoyable little catfish. While keeping them with other tankmates, make sure to closely monitor the tank, as these plecos are known to be nocturnal feeders and can sometimes outcompete other fish for food.

L006 Pleco Food & Diet

This fish, like all Peckoltia species, is an omnivore that consumes both meaty foods and vegetable matter. But they prefer meaty foods over anything else. They are also effective algae eaters. Most plants will not be damaged by well-nourished adults, but young fish may nibble on soft-leaved plants. 

It is better to feed them once or twice a day. They prefer a meaty diet of catfish wafers, brine shrimp, and bloodworm, and they may also consume spirulina. Overfeeding the fish can cause health problems like obesity, so it is important to only give them as much food as they can eat in a few minutes.

Overfeeding results in poor water quality, which can lead to disease and shorten the lifespan of the fish. Uneaten fish foods should be removed from the tank to prevent them from decaying and polluting the water.

L006 Pleco requires a varied diet that includes items like fresh fruit, parboiled potato, and other fresh food to thrive. It does best in an aquarium if fed with a diverse combination of foods such as sinking dried species, frozen Daphnia, mosquito larvae, chironomid larvae (bloodworm), and prawn/shrimp for example.

Home-made foods made with a combination of natural components plus gelatin can be tailored to include fresh veggies, Spirulina, and meatier ingredients.

Other than that, it rasps off organic matter that grows on the bottom of ponds (plants, rocks, wood, aquarium walls) with its suckermouth. It will also devour food scraps produced by tank mates as well as softwood.

L006 Pleco Tank Mates

This fish is peaceful with tankmates but may become aggressive towards other plecos and bottom-dwellers. In most cases, they are mild and docile fish that may be kept with a variety of species.

Brown Dot Peckoltia's can be kept alone or in groups. If a few of these fish are kept together, it's critical to ensure that each fish has enough room to create its own area and that enough hiding places (such as plants, rocks, or wood) are accessible.

If that is not the case, this otherwise docile and peaceful fish can become anxious and develop a vicious, aggressive side against other bottom dwellers as well as its own kind.

This is a medium-sized pleco that may be mixed with a wide range of tankmates due to its unfussy nature. It's perfectly safe for small fish and shrimps, or robust enough to withstand the attention of all but the largest cichlids.

Some of the suitable tankmates for L006 Pleco are:

  • Guppy Fish
  • Molly Fish
  • Platy Fish
  • Swordtail Fish
  • Corydoras
  • Gourami
  • Tetras
  • Barbs
  • Danios
  • Rasbora
  • Loaches

While keeping them with other tankmates, make sure that they don't occupy the same space as the Brown Dot Peckoltia's in the tank. These fish are peaceful by nature but may become aggressive towards other bottom-dwellers if they feel threatened or cornered.

It's best to keep them with other small to medium average adult size plecos that have a similar temperament. The water conditions should also be identical for all of the fish in the tank.

L006 Pleco Tank Setup

L006 Pleco Tank Setup

A species of catfish that prefers a dimly lit tank with a lot of hiding places, either natural or man-made (pleco spawning) caves. A tank of at least 200 liters is required to house more than one specimen or with other bottom-dwelling fish. When kept as only catfish in an aquarium, the majority of the time, a 20-liter tank is ideal for them. A tiny aquarium should have base dimensions of 120 ∗ 30 centimeters or close to that.

It thrives in neutral water, with a lot of oxygen and underwater currents. Because this fish generates a lot of waste, a strong filter is also advised.

While setting up the L006 Pleco tank, make sure to:

  • Use a filter with high flow rates
  • Include plenty of hiding places
  • Create a dimly lit environment
  • Use neutral water with high oxygen levels and strong currents
  • Include live plants to help with water quality

If you maintain all the necessary conditions, your L006 Pleco will live for around 10 years in a well maintained tank.

L006 Pleco Breeding 

L006 Pleco is a cave-spawners with the male responsible for brood care. They are not picky when it comes to spawning sites. They will accept almost any smooth substrate in which to lay their eggs. During the breeding process, the male will clear an area of debris and then plead with the female to enter his cave. If she refuses, he will literally nudge her in.

Once inside, she will lay eggs which he will fertilize. He will then carefully sweep them into a corner using his tail and begin fanning them with water to keep them oxygenated. The entire process from egg to fry can take as little as two weeks.

To induce spawning, maintain clean water, and raise the temperature a few degrees above normal. A diet rich in meaty foods will also help to bring them into breeding conditions. Once spawning has occurred, it is best to remove the parents as they may eat their young.

L006 Pleco Fry

The eggs will hatch in a few days, and the fry can be fed infusoria for the first several days, after which they'll eat the most commercially available fry foods and baby brine shrimp. They will also consume spirulina powder, but too much of it can quickly pollute the water. L006 Pleco fry is very delicate and requires pristine water conditions. They will grow quickly if well-fed and cared for.

L006 Pleco Diseases 

Like all fish, L006 Pleco is susceptible to diseases if water conditions are poor or they are stressed. Some common pleco diseases include ich (white spot disease), velvet, and bacterial infections. These can often be treated with commercially available medications. Be sure to follow the dosage instructions carefully.

Some of the main symptoms of stress in fish include:

  • Gasping at the surface of the water
  • Loss of appetite
  • Hiding
  • Coloring changes

If you notice any of these symptoms in your L006 Pleco, check the water quality and make adjustments as needed. Also, be sure to quarantine new fish before adding them to your tank to help prevent the spread of disease. At least two weeks of quarantine is recommended. If you put a sick fish in a community tank, you risk infecting all of your other fish. So, it's better to be safe than sorry.

FAQ 

Care Guide for L006 Pleco (Brown Dot Peckoltia)

What Do L006 Pleco Eat?

Although L006 plecos are omnivores, they prefer a diet that is more meat-based. They will consume algae and other plant matter, but they require a diet that contains more protein in order to stay healthy. A good diet for them includes frozen foods or live foods such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, and earthworms. You can also offer them pellets or flakes that are high in protein.

How Big Do L006 Pleco Get? 

The maximum size that L006 plecos can reach is a length of up to 5 inches (12.5 cm).

Are L006 Pleco Aggressive? 

No, L006 plecos are not considered to be an aggressive species. They are peaceful fish that get along well with other tank mates. However, with their own kind, it's entirely possible to be territorial at times, particularly when spawning.

Do L006 Pleco Need a Filter?

Yes, L006 plecos do need a filter. They produce a lot of waste and require good water quality to stay healthy. A good rule of thumb is to choose a filter that is rated for double the size of your tank. So, if you have a 20-gallon tank, you'll need a filter that is rated for at least 40 gallons.

Do L006 Pleco Need a Lot of Care? 

L006 plecos are relatively easy to care for as long as you provide them with a good diet and clean water. They are not overly sensitive to water conditions, but they do prefer warm water. Maintaining a consistent temperature in your tank is important for their well-being.

How Long Do L006 Pleco Live? 

In captivity, L006 plecos can live for 10 years if they are well-cared for.

Final Thoughts

L006 Pleco is freshwater fish that is a great addition to any freshwater aquarium. They are relatively easy to care for and make an effective algae eater. They are peaceful fish that get along well with other tank mates. With proper care, they will thrive and live for many years.

The dotted pattern and smaller size help it to stand out from similarly-sized species. They need a cave or other hiding spot in the tank. They can grow to be about 5 inches long and can live up to 10 years with proper care. These fish are not breeding easily in captivity, so most of the L006 Pleco available in the trade are wild-caught.

They're beautiful, intriguing, and adaptable, which has made them a popular choice among fish keepers. So, if you're looking for a fun and interesting fish to add to your tank, the L006 Pleco is a great option.

Sarah Robertson


I am a passionate blogger who also happens to be a fish keeping enthusiast. Writing about my hobby is something that I absolutely love to do, and it's no secret that my chosen topic is always centered around fish keeping.

Sarah Robertson

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