March 29

Sarah Robertson

Guide to Breeding Betta Fish

Betta fish originate from Asia, where they dwell in marshes, ponds, and sluggish streams. Male bettas are doting dads who create bubble nests for their young with their mouths and fiercely defend their offspring from predators. Betta fish, like people, are diurnal. This implies that they are awake during the day and asleep at night, necessitating complete darkness to get a good night's sleep.

Breeding betta fish, or Siamese Fighting fish, is a wonderful hobby. However, it's not something to be taken lightly. If you have the abundant time, resources, knowledge, and commitment that breeding bettas demands, it can also be a rewarding experience.

When it comes to breeding betta fish, there are a few things you'll need to keep in mind. First, you'll need to make sure that you have healthy male and female betta. This guide will teach you everything you need to know about how to set up your breeding tank, how to care for your betta fish during spawning, and how to raise the fry.

Find Below Are the Steps for Proper Breading of Betta Fish: -

  • Cut a plastic foam cup in half and place the outside surface of the cup face up in a corner of the tank. The baby fish will be housed in this location (nest).
  • Live plants should be used in every aquarium. If the male fish is bullying her, she will hide among the live plants.
  • Make sure the water temperature remains in between 80-82 F (27.8 degrees C).
  • Place the female fish in a smaller tank. It's not necessary to add plants to the tiny tank.
  • Change their water and feed them live food for approximately a week before breeding them. The better the fish's health, the more likely they are to succeed in reproduction.
  • Place the two tanks next to one another so that the fish may view each other and get ready to breed. When her stomach swells up to the size of a marble and she has vertical stripes on her body, it's time for her to spawn.
  • Place the female fish in the tank with the male fish.
  • Look at the fish. If the male is too violent, remove the female and wait a few days before attempting again. It's typical for the male to pursue the female around the tank, nipping at her fins.
  • The male and female fish will mate under the nest. The female fish appears to be paralyzed as she expels her eggs. Once the embrace is complete, take the female out of the aquarium.
  • Allow the male fish to guard and look after the fry for 24 to 36 hours. Remove the male fish from the tank once the fry is able to swim.

Set Up Your Permanent Betta Tanks

Betta fish are beautiful and deserve to live in a tank that allows them to develop and thrive. It's not unusual for a betta fish to be an impulse buy; you go to the pet shop or aquarium store without planning on acquiring anything in particular, but then you see the most gorgeous betta and can't resist bringing it home! When you get the betta home, it's time to prepare the tank so that he or she has the best chance at surviving in it.

  • Preparing and Placing the Aquarium. Start by cleaning out your tank with just water.
  • Install Your Filter.
  • Add Your Gravel.
  • Set up Your Plants and Decorations.
  • Fill it up!
  • Turn on Your Filter and Install Your Heater.
  • Add Neutralizer and Perform a Fishless Cycle.
  • One all the above preparation is done, add the fish to the freshly set tank to have a beautiful view of the betta swimming.
  • Tank Setup for Breeding Betta Fish

    Tank Setup for Breeding Betta Fish 

    Once you decide you want to breed the beautiful species of Betta fish, you may have a lot of questions. Betta breeding requires a certain level of knowledge, and first and foremost is understanding how to set up your breeding tank.

    How to Set Up a Tank for Breeding Betta Fish

    Setting up a breeding tank for betta fish needs some important factors to be considered. Here below are the factors to be considered. 

    What Size Betta Tank?

    A 10-gallon tank is a good size for viewing the spawning, bubble nest, and fry (baby Bettas). For a betta, a tank of at least 5 gallons is required. If you want to house a lot of community fish, use this formula: 1 gallon of water per inch of fully-grown fish should be added to the aquarium. 

    Covering the Tank

    Although it is not necessary to cover the tank when you are not breeding your Betta, doing so is strongly advised while your Bettas are laying eggs for reproduction. On the days leading up to hatching, bettas become more aggressive and are prone to leaping out of the tank. A cover will keep heat in the tank, which is essential for the eggs and fry.

    Plants in the Tank?

    Bettas become extremely aggressive when they are spawning. Hornwort, for example, is a wonderful choice of plant to add to the tank during this phase. The male Betta will utilize these plants to assist him in creating his nest as well as give seclusion and protection for your female Betta.

    Decorations in the Tank?

    Decorations, like plants, may also serve as a shelter for the female and offer a location for the male and female to interact before spawning begins. Furthermore, if there are no plants or decorations in the fish tank, the male may instinctively kill the female as a result of his territorial instinct to defend it.

    Betta Breeding Equipment List: Essential Items You'll Need

    For A scientific breading of betta fish, you will need equipment's so that the breading process happens in a normal phase. here below are the list of few equipment's needed: -

    • Breeding Aquarium: 10 Gallons (38 Litters)
    • Fry Rearing Aquarium: 30+ Gallons (114+ Litters)
    • 5 Gallon Aquarium Kit (2x)
    • Sponge Filter.
    • Air Pump.
    • Airline Tubing.
    • Air Regulator.
    • Heater: 25w.

    If you provide your betta fish tank with the above-mentioned equipment's the breading process will become an easy and exciting process.

    The Perfect Conditions for Successfully Breeding Betta Fish

    The Perfect Conditions for Successfully Breeding Betta Fish

    When breeders talk about conditioning their bettas, they're referring to the time (usually two weeks) when they give their fish the finest possible diet and housing in an attempt to prepare them for breeding. The diet is modified to encourage the females to ovulate and the males to store energy so they may care for the fry throughout gestation.

    For the most successful breeding to take place, it is critical to condition your bettas before bringing them together in the same tank. The spawning process between betta fish can be quite violent, and one or both of the fish is occasionally wounded as a result.

    Bettas will become sluggish when they are not stimulated by fresh water and high-protein foods, so condition them with clear water and proteins to help them build up their strength. During this time, the male is focused on caring for the eggs and the female is focused on healing any injuries she may have received.

    During the Conditioning Period Check Your Water Parameters Daily.

    • Keep the temperature at a comfortable 78 F. [25.5 C.] degrees approximately.
    • Increase your water changes to 2x – 3x per week.
    • Remove any excess food or debris from their tanks.
    • Monitor your pH and KH levels to insure they are stable. A neutral pH level of 7.0 is ideal for Betta fish, although they can live in a range from 6.5 to 7.0.
    • Add Indian Almond Leaves to the aquarium if you desire. The Terminalia catappa tree produces Catappa leaves, which are also known as Indian Almond Leaves. They have chemical healing effects that may help to naturally combat mild bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infections.

    Focus on a Nutritious Diet.

    • Increase the number of feedings per day to 2 or 3 but keep portions small to avoid constipation or bloating.
    • Introduce a variety of high protein foods. Variety is important to insure a balanced diet.
    • Live and frozen foods are the choice of most breeders during conditioning. I suggest foods similar to what bettas eat in the wild including worms, small crustaceans and insect larvae.

    How to Choose a Successful Breeding Pair of Betta Fish?

    It is important to find a good pair of Breeding Pair of Fish to have healthy offspring.

    Here below are some factors to take to consideration while you choose a breeding pair of bettas: -

    • Buy from reputable breeder.
    • They'll both be between 4-12 months when you're ready to breed them.
    • Male and female betta fish should be healthy and should not show no signs of lethargy or disease.
    • Male has bright coloration (red being most attractive to females).
    • Male has long, undamaged funs.

    How to Add Female Betta to the Breeding Tank

    It's now time to introduce the female to the Breeding Tank, which is not a quick process.

    Add the female to the tank in a few different ways:

    Either by using a divider or floating her in a see-through container.

    Allow the female to get used to her new surroundings for about 30 minutes before introducing the male. If you're using a divider, put the male on the opposite side of the tank and allow him to swim around. In an effort to impress the female, the male will darken and flare his fins. You may observe him nipping at the container she is in (this is to be expected).

    How to Introduce the Male to the Female Betta

    How to Introduce the Male to the Female Betta

    Place a divider in the tank so that it divides the tank into two separate zones. Place the female Betta fish on one side, then half an hour later, place the male Betta fish on the other side. The male fish may improve the hue of its fins in an effort to catch the attention of the female. Now, you'll need to keep an eye out for her reciprocation. She will do so by changing the color of her fins.

    The Bubble Nest for Betta Fish

    A male betta fish will make a bubble nest when he is ready to breed. The bubbles will float on the surface of the water and appear like a cluster of tiny bubbles. During betta fish mate, Male betta fish will generally stay beneath the nest as they wait for a female to mate with after being produced.

    Breeding Betta Fish

    The male betta will begin constructing its bubble nest on top of the almond leaf you placed beforehand after twenty-four hours. Yes, the divider can be removed once the bubble nest has been completed. Male betta and female betta are placed in a breeding tank after a day or two of being introduced to each other.

    The female Betta will go ahead and inspect the completed nest after laying her eggs. She won't walk away or cause any damage if she is pleased with the result. If the female is delighted and pleased, the male will bite and pursue her. It's nothing to be concerned about. However, if biting and following isn't moderate, you'll need to separate them and maintain a close watch on both of them.

    The eggs may not be released during the first embrace, but the male and female will hug several times until all of the eggs are discharged. The female betta may appear sick or lifeless while she lays the eggs, but this is natural.

    The male will pick up the eggs as they emerge and carry them to the bubble nest. 

    When the male and female bettas cease touching, the female must be removed from the tank. Because most females consume the eggs they've just laid, it's best to leave all egg care responsibilities to the male. The male may attack the female again at this stage, and he may also become aggressive once more. 

    Egg Hatching & Caring for the Betta Fry

    Male betta fish will place the eggs in the bubble nest using their mouths after they have been laid. The bubble nest helps to create a clean, moist, and oxygen-rich environment for the baby betta fish. The male betta fish will guard the eggs from predators while they are being fertilized.

    The eggs take a variable length of time to hatch. On average, it takes around 2-3 days for the eggs to hatch. Mouthbrooder bettas typically lay their eggs after a month. After this, the fry will begin to consume nutrients from their yolk sack, but they are still entirely reliant on their father's care.

    Begin Raising Fry Food

    After the fry break free from their egg sacs under the bubble nest and are free-swimming, you may begin to feed them. Rather than two larger feeds, offer the fry several tiny feedings throughout the day. For optimum outcomes, feed your fish three to four times per day.

    The Following Live Foods Are Perfect for Raising Betta Fry:

    • Infusoria.
    • Vinegar eels.
    • Micro-worms.
    • Walter worms.
    • Banana worms.
    • Baby brine shrimp.
    • Daphnia.
    • Fairy shrimp

    Here Are the Facts That You Need to Know About Betta Fish Mating

    Mating is a natural process for the development of offspring and you need to know some facts about it. Male bettas build a bubble nest at the surface and entice a female to it during the breeding season.

    This is when the males and females first meet one another, after which they perform a spectacular courting/mating dance. As soon as the female starts to lay her eggs, the male collects them and puts them in the nest.

    If your female is receptive, her color will darken and she'll show off her "barring" pattern (vertical stripes down the middle of her tummy, which indicate that she's ready to breed). She will have a white dot on her underside, just above her tail, where the ovipositor will be visible as a speck of white. A flirtatious female may flutter her body and flare back at him in an appealing manner.

    Betta Breeding Tips n Tricks Choosing A Male Betta

    Betta Breeding Tips & Tricks: Choosing A Male Betta

    Whether you're interested in betta breeding (Betta splendens) for fun or as a possible lucrative pastime, there are a few things to consider before you begin. These spectacular fish are easy to maintain, but mating them is more challenging than keeping a betta as a pet, so let's discuss how to breed betta fish. Should You Start Breeding Bettas?

    Despite the fact that they are adorable pets. Even tiny blunders that would not harm an adult fish may be deadly to spawning or baby betta fry in a tank with delicate, newly-hatched individuals.

    Because breeders are exhausted after performing the mating, it's best left to aquarists who are: Familiar and comfortable with the procedure of setting up and cycling new betta aquariums, as well as testing kits to monitor the pH, ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, and general hardness of their fish.

    Experience maintaining numerous aquariums, particularly those that include live foods and the Nitrogen Cycle and water quality monitoring. You'll also need a tank for your male, a separate tank for your female or sorority group, and a special breeding tank setup for the actual mating process and hatching fry.

    Energy Levels in Betta Fish

    If your female Betta suspects that a male has been infected with parasites or other disease-carrying infections, she will not want to mate with him. Because the immune system is heritable, it's critical for female Bettas to be able to detect your male’s resistance so that their kids have the best chance of survival.

    An average healthy betta is active, vigilant, and interested in its surroundings. Different fish have varying personalities! My fish is sluggish, but he gets up and active when people are around (he probably thinks he's about to be fed). I've heard of individuals who claim that their Betta rarely moves.

    Coloration In Betta Fish

    Pick a male with bright colors since this indicates to the female that he's consumed enough carotenoids to support his immune system and coloration — implying that he's a productive forager.

    But, is one color better than another?

    As per studies, Female Betta fish prefer red-pigmented males over blue. Through the study they discovered that female Betta fish preferred red males because they indicated a strong immune system and associated genes, as well as excellent general health.

    So, if you want to improve your chances of your Bettas having offspring – get a red male. Isn't it fascinating? In a study published in June 2010, Betta fish fed by redder ones had a greater resistance to infections. They also showed an enhanced immunological response and redness. Blue Bettas did not become any more crimson; rather, their immune system benefited.

    All About Bettas Fish Fins

    A third key visual indicator of health. Male Bettas with strong immune systems and good foragers' fins heal from minor injuries more quickly (usually in one or two days).If you pick a male with any scars or indications of harm, your female will most likely pursue him. Because long, healthy fins suggest to females that the male is a powerful fighter and in good health, a female Betta is more inclined to pursue a guy with lengthy, unharmed fins.

    How Many Babies Do Breeding Betta Fish Have

    Frequent Questions

    How Many Babies Do Breeding Betta Fish Have?

    Betta fish may lay approximately 50 to 200 eggs during each spawning. However, because the spectrum available to a fish varies considerably depending on its type, this number can vary significantly.

    How Do You Know When Your Betta Fish Is Ready to Mate?

    Before the time to mate the female gives indication. If your female is receptive, her color will darken and she'll display a 'barring' pattern (vertical stripes down the middle of her tummy, indicating she's ready to breed) if you're trying to get her in the mood. The ovipositor will be visible as a speck of white between her ventral fins, and she'll flaunt it with an enticing dance that ends in an up and down wave.

    Does A Bubble Nest Mean My Betta Is Happy?

    Have you ever noticed clusters of bubbles on the surface of your betta fish tank's water? Bubble nests are known as bubble nests and are a typical betta fish behaviour. In fact, bubble nests are an indication that your fish is both healthy and happy.

    The male betta fish will check the nest for signs of intruders and to ensure that it is secure. In one or two days, baby betta fish (also called "fry") will emerge from their eggs. The fry will stay near the bubble nest for the next two weeks or so.

    Can You Cross-Breed Betta Fish?

    All betta fish species, such as crown tails, veil tails, halfmoon bettas, and delta bettas, are of the same species, they can be bred together.

    When Is Betta Fish Breeding Season?

    Bettas are best bred when they're young (ideally 4-12 months; max age 14 months), and if you acquire undesirable genetics, the fry could grow up ill or defective. You're going to need to let your Bettas settle for a month, so you'll need to account for this when choosing them.

    Why My Betta Fish Isn't Breeding?

    It's also possible that the female is too young, too old, or has an illness that prevents her from developing viable eggs right now. Your water parameters may be incorrect. Perhaps the temperature of the water is incorrect. When Bettas are cold, they lose interest in practically everything.


    Betta fish breeding is a fantastic way for any aquarium enthusiast to learn more about their hobby. It's critical to understand the breeding process and what to do in order to hatch and care for the fry properly. Breeding betta fish, when done correctly, can be very gratifying. In the end, how to breed betta fish boils down to carefully planning the betta breeding and ensuring that your fish are in good condition at all times.

    First, make sure the fish you're buying is in good health and of a suitable age. After that, construct the ideal breeding tank by filling it with water and adding plants. Introduce the pair slowly, keeping the female solitary until the bubble nest is built and both fish are showing breeding behavior. Once the female has been set free, watch the bettas' actions while you observe mating behavior.

    After the eggs are deposited, the female betta should be removed, while the male betta continues to look after the nest and eggs. The male can then be returned to his tank once the fry has outgrown its egg sacs. This phase usually takes around a week. The tiny fry may be fed with infusoria, and as they grow, they can eat bigger things. The bettas may be divided into their own tanks once they begin to exhibit their colors, which is generally between the two-month and three-month mark.

    Sarah Robertson

    I am a passionate blogger who also happens to be a fish keeping enthusiast. Writing about my hobby is something that I absolutely love to do, and it's no secret that my chosen topic is always centered around fish keeping.

    Sarah Robertson

    {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}

    Subscribe to our newsletter