March 16

Sarah Robertson

How to Cure Swim Bladder Disease Betta Fish Have?

Betta fish are beautiful and can brighten up any fish tank. However, they are also prone to some common health issues such as swim bladder disease.

A swim bladder disease betta has is a problem attributed to an enormous stomach or intestine, don't feed the fish for three days. At the same time, raise the water temperature to 78-80 degrees Fahrenheit and maintain it there during therapy. Feeding green pea to afflicted fish, which may take effect in hours and maybe cure constipation, is one approach.

What Is Swim Bladder Disease Betta Fish Have?

Swim bladder disease is a condition in which the swim bladder fails to function properly due on a variety of causes. It refers to a number of issues affecting the swimming bladder, rather than a single illness. Swim bladder disorder can affect any species of fish, including goldfish and bettas, although it is most typical in this species.

The swim bladder is a gas-filled organ in fish that helps them maintain their buoyancy. When the bladder is functioning properly, it allows the fish to adjust its position in the water by inflating or deflating the bladder. A malfunctioning swim bladder can lead to problems with swimming, balancing, and digestion.

What Are the Causes of Swim Bladder Disease in Betta Fish?

Swim bladder disease is sometimes caused by compression of the swim bladder, which may involve a distended stomach from rapidly eating, overeating, constipation, or gulping air, which is thought to occur with floating foods.

Swim bladder disease may also be caused by a parasitic infection, injury, or birth defect. Infection with certain types of bacteria or fungi can also lead to swim bladder disease. Here below and the causes mentioned: -

Physical Injury

Hard impact injuries can cause swim bladder disorder in aquarium fish. This type of trauma can usually be associated with the dropping of fish during maintenance or the fish bumping itself off the hard decor. Swim bladder disorder, in this case, is not contagious and can be difficult to treat.

A Birth Defect

Unfortunately, some fish are just born with swim bladder disorder which can again be very difficult to treat and is usually not curable altogether. It is not contagious but could be hereditary meaning that you should not allow fish with this defect to breed.

Compression From Other Organs

Alongside infection, which we will look at shortly, the most common cause of swim bladder disorder has to be its compression by other organs. This ‘compression’ essentially interferes with the function of the swim bladder and the result being buoyancy problems. Compression can occur because of

  • Tumors
  • An enlarged liver
  • Fluid in the abdomen
  • Intestinal parasites


One of the most typical reasons for betta fish swim bladder illness is overeating or chronic overfeeding. Never feed your betta fish to much food.

Too Much Air In The Food

This is a continuation of the prior statement. Because cheap Betta food has so much air within it, it can be harmful to your betta's health. Airy food, in addition to what your betta breathes when he eats around the cage's surface, may contribute to this problem. As a result of all of this, your betta may get constipated.


Betta stress can have a detrimental effect on your betta's health in a variety of ways. If your betta is subjected to frequent and persistent stress, such as from other fish bullying them or significant changes in their habitat, their health may be jeopardized in several ways.

Parasites And Bacteria

The fifth potential reason is unquestionably the most aggravating of them all in terms of recognizing it as a problem. Parasites and bacteria can also come from a variety of places. On its own, this may make providing your betta with the care he requires difficult.

Symptoms of Swim Bladder Disorder in Betta Fish

Swim bladder disease symptoms include:

Fish surgeons can also use a stone in the swim bladder or a partial removal of the bladder to change the buoyancy of the fish.

  • Swimming difficulties
  • Struggling to stay buoyant
  • Upside down or sideways swimming
  • Constipation
  • Bloatedness
  • S-shaped curve in the spine

The symptoms are not always the same, but they all relate to swimming and maintaining buoyancy. You could observe your fish swimming upside down or sideways. You may encounter difficulties getting to the top or bottom of the tank. Perhaps you'll see your betta circling around in circles.

Your fish's faeces production may be decreased or it won't eat. Overfeeding or constipation problems might be causing the swim bladder issues if you observe this along with your fish's swimming difficulties.

You may also notice a bloated appearance or an s-shaped spine. Betta fish swim bladder disease is responsible for all of these symptoms. A betta fish's swim bladder may be fragile, and any type of harm or digestive problems can result in significant issues.

How To Cure Swim Bladder in Betta Fish

How to Cure Swim Bladder Disease in Betta Fish?

It's possible that you'll have to figure out why betta fish are experiencing swim bladder disease. The cure will be more vital after that. You may be asking what you can do for your fish and how to treat swim bladder diseases. The treatment will differ depending on the cause. 

Treatment consists of keeping up with the water, feeding adjustments, and the possibility of antibiotics.

  • Allow the fish to fast for three days if an expanded stomach or intestine is thought to be the source of a swim bladder disease.
  • Increase the water temperature to 78-80 degrees Fahrenheit and leave it there during treatment while fixing the water temperature.
  • Feed the fish peas- On the fourth day, give the fish a cooked and skinned pea. Frozen peas work well since they can be microwaved or simmered for a few seconds to thaw them, producing the correct texture (not too soft but not too firm). Prepare the pea mixture. Remove the outer layer of the pea and serve it to your fish. You may feed a pea to your goldfish every day for a few days before transitioning them to an appropriate species of food, but avoid flaked or floating pellets.
  • Antibiotics: Treatment with a broad-spectrum antibiotic may help if an infection is suspected as the cause of a fish's swim bladder problem, and this will need to be done at your veterinarian.

Using Epsom Salt for a Swim Bladder Treatment in Betta Fish

A bath with Epsom salt can help to cure swim bladder problems. Before putting your fish in the tub, it is important to fast him for 24 to 48 hours. In the quarantine tank, one teaspoon of Epsom salt per gallon of water should suffice. You must ensure that your Betta is satisfied and healthy at all times.

 You can't really use Epsom salt in the water until you've properly prepared it. To do so effectively, you'll need to be aware of a variety of treatments, including Betta bath with Epsom salt. You may use Epsom salt to cure ailments like Dropsy or Swim Bladder Disease.

 Saving your fish by learning how to give salt bath. Epsom salt for Betta fish is a low-cost alternative to other goods, and it may help save you money. The treatment of a quarantine tank or the entire aquarium using Betta fish Epsom salt is discussed in further detail below.

The Pea Method Of Betta Fish

The Pea Method, in which fresh peas are used to massage the fish's stomach, is one of the most popular treatments for Swim Bladder Disease in Betta fish. You'll need a fresh pea and a sharp knife for this therapy. Remove the pea's skin and seed with a sharp knife.

Give the pea to your betta fish now. Feed your betta a pea if it becomes bloated as a result of constipation. You may also offer your betta a pea once a week to keep future constipation at bay. It will aid in the cleaning of the betta's digestive system.

Serving Size: 1/4 – 1/2 Pea per Betta. Take one pea and blanch it in boiling water to soften it before cooking. Remove the peas from the heat, drain them into a colander, and immediately plunge them into an ice bath. Allow to cool completely while they are still in the ice water. When they're cold enough to handle, peel away the skin and feed a little bit of

Provide Tropical Temperatures for Betta Fish

If your fish has a problem with his swim bladder, you may raise the temperature of the water to assist cure it. The optimum water temperature for betta fish is 78-80 degrees Fahrenheit. This should be maintained throughout the therapy period.

Betta fish can survive temperatures ranging from 72 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit (22 to 30 degrees Celsius), but if the water is outside of their ideal range, they're merely surviving — not thriving. The betta's immune system decreases and makes them prone to illness in colder water. The metabolism increases when the temperature rises, making them more uncomfortable and aging fast. A heater should be used to keep the temperature steady.

Treatment Option For Overfed

Treatment Option For Overfed/Constipation Betta

If you're feeding your betta with SBD, one of the most basic actions would be to alter how you feed them. This is simple enough, but it will not be the only thing you must do.

Remove your betta from the aquarium (which is shown in other treatments). Then fast them for three days, gradually raising the temperature of the tank to 80 degrees. This will help relieve the betta of constipation or other problems caused by overfeeding. If the condition doesn't improve, feed the betta two cooked, peeled peas every day for around one week.

Treatment Option For Parasites / Bacteria

Your first step, once again, in the context of treating parasites or germs, especially Swim Bladder Disease, is to quarantine your sick betta from the rest of your fish.

While it is not essential, many people believe this to be the finest approach to protect the health of the other fish in your tank. Don't forget that SBD may be passed on to other fish in your aquarium.

After your betta has been separated from the rest, you may begin treating him.

Melafix is the most common and effective way of getting rid of a bacterial infection. It is also not harmful to bettas, and the odds of your betta having a bacterial infection are much higher than the odds of your betta having parasites. With these thoughts in mind, consider trying out the Melafix first.

Treatment Option For Shock

Fortunately, this is one of the simplest treatment paths that you will find. Keep in mind that when your betta has been shocked, it indicates that they have been harmed in some manner. If this is shock, not just ongoing anxiety, your best strategy will be to turn off the lights and ensure that the tank's temperature is suitable for the betta.

Frequent Questions

Can My Fish Die From Swim Bladder Problems?

No, generally speaking, as long as you react promptly. While bloating and dropsy have several symptoms in common, they also have one significant difference: the scales stick out like a pinecone. This sickness can be fatal if not treated quickly enough, but it isn't as prevalent as other swim bladder concerns.

Even if something is terminal, such as defects in the spinal cord, you may simply modify your tank to make your fish more comfortable. To get food or reach the surface, simply alter your tank as instructed to limit the amount of swimming it has to do.

How To Prevent Swim Bladder Disease In Bettas?

There are a few things you can do to help prevent your betta from developing swim bladder disease. One is to make sure he always has access to clean, fresh water. You should also monitor the temperature of the water and make sure it stays within the optimal range for bettas. Feeding your betta, a healthy diet can also prevent swim bladder disease in betta fish.

Keeping the tank clean and performing regular water changes can help prevent swim bladder disorder. Keeping the water temperature, a bit higher will help digestion, and possibly avoid constipation, another potential cause of swim bladder problems.

Is Swim Bladder Disease Fatal?

Swim bladder disease, also known as swim bladder disorder, is not a fatal condition in aquariums. In the wild, it could cause the death of fish because a fish will not be able to compete for food, but in aquariums, there is no need to. While it is possible for swim bladder disease to cause other health issues, it will not kill captive fish directly.

If you find your fish moving oddly about the tank, either stuck at the bottom, or the top, or even upside down, your fish has swim bladder disease. Now, before you get worried, this condition is very common in bettas, and there are several ways to treat it.

Most of the time, you will have to make a change in the way you feed your fish and/or what you feed your fish, but other than that, there are normally no long-term consequences.

Is Swim Bladder Disease Contagious?

Swim bladder disorder in itself is not contagious due to it being more a symptom of other medical issues rather than a condition by itself. It can, however, be suffered along with contagious ailments and is commonly found to be so. To understand more about what swim bladder disorder is, and when it is linked with contagion read on.

How Do You Cure Swim Bladder Disease at Home?

There are a few ways to treat swim bladder disease at home. One is to make sure he always has access to clean, fresh water. You should also monitor the temperature of the water and make sure it stays within the optimal range for bettas. Feeding your betta, a healthy diet can also prevent swim bladder disease in betta

Can Swim Bladder Disease Go Away on Its Own

Can Swim Bladder Disease Go Away on Its Own?

The various types of swim bladder disease are both short- and long-term. Even if your fish has a long-term swim bladder disease, you may still lead a normal and happy existence by making modest adjustments to your lifestyle. Although swim bladder disease is generally self-limiting, it is more likely to get worse if left untreated. If your fish has swim bladder disease, you should have it treated as soon as possible.

Final Thoughts

While swim bladder disease is not a fatal condition in aquariums, it can cause other health issues. It is important to monitor the water temperature and keep the tank clean to help prevent swim bladder disorder.

There are a few ways to treat swim bladder disease at home, but if your fish has a long-term swim bladder disease. Timely finding out of the disease as well taking proper medical treatment will help to save the betta fish from disease. Getting proper treatment is very important for the survival of betta fish.

Sarah Robertson

I am a passionate blogger who also happens to be a fish keeping enthusiast. Writing about my hobby is something that I absolutely love to do, and it's no secret that my chosen topic is always centered around fish keeping.

Sarah Robertson

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