July 18

Sarah Robertson

The Gold Angelfish: A Gorgeous Freshwater Fish

Angelfish are vibrant and outgoing fish that make a great addition to any tank. They have been a staple in the aquarium hobby for many years, and are known for their vibrant colors and peaceful nature. These beautiful species come in a variety of colors, including gold. Here is a guide to caring for Gold Angelfish.

The Gold Angelfish is a gorgeous, gold cichlid that is calmer than most other members of the cichlid family. They originally come from several river systems in Northern South America, but almost all fish in aquariums today are multiple generations removed from wild specimens.

In this article, we'll give you an overview of Gold Angelfish care and provide some tips to ensure they stay healthy.

Quick Facts About Gold Angelfish Care

  • Scientific Name: Pterophyllum scalare
  • Common Name: Gold Angelfish
  • Origin: Northern South America
  • Family: Cichlidae
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
  • Temperature: Between 78° and 84° F
  • PH Range: 6.5 – 6.9
  • Lifespan: 10-15 years
  • Water Type: Hard
  • Breed Type: Egg Layer
  • Care Level: Easy- Moderate
  • Temperament: Semi-aggressive
  • Aquarium Hardiness: Hardy
  • Max Size: 6 inches
  • Compatibility: Community Tanks
  • Aquarist Experience Level: Beginner

Gold Angelfish Size

Gold Angelfish can grow up to 6 inches long, with males slightly larger than females. They are an elongated species of cichlid and have a lot of personalities.

There are many factors that can affect the size of a fish, including lighting, diet, and water parameters. Keeping them in adequate tank size and providing them with plenty of hiding places can help promote healthy growth. Genetics also play a role in size, and some specimens may reach larger sizes than others. Sometimes, breeders will select larger fish in order to create more desirable specimens.

Gold Angelfish Lifespan

Gold Angelfish can live up to 10-15 years with proper care. They are a hardy species of fish, so they usually don't suffer from diseases or health issues when kept in the right environment. However, there are still some common illnesses that can affect these fish, such as Ich, fin rot, and other bacterial infections.

To keep your Gold Angelfish healthy and happy, it is important to conduct regular water changes and monitor the levels of ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate in the tank. It is also important to provide a varied diet with plenty of high-quality foods.

Gold Angelfish Appearance

Gold Angelfish are beautiful fish with a natural gold color. They are relatively peaceful compared to other cichlids, and their tall, thin bodies create a stunning contrast against the white fin edging and black eye stripe. They have long trailing fins that add to their beauty, and their bodies are covered in small scales.

Angelfish boast thin bodies and flat, curved dorsal and anal fins. They develop these features upon reaching maturity. In addition, angelfish have feathery pectoral fins, dark eyes, and small mouths. All members of this species also feature at least one thorn or spiny growth on their body.

Gender Difference

The gender of the Gold Angelfish can be determined by its size and coloration. Male fish will typically be larger than their female counterparts, and they have more vibrant colors. Female fish may have brighter fins or lighter body colors, but they are generally not as colorful as males.

Males also tend to be more aggressive than females, which is why it is important to keep them in a large tank with plenty of hiding places.

Gold Angelfish

Gold Angelfish Care

A gold angelfish is a good option for beginners who are looking for a hardy fish that can adapt to different water conditions. Here are a few tips on how to take care of them:

Tank Size

The essential thing to recall is that they require a lot of space to swim and investigate. They also need concealing spots, as they can get questions easily from too much action in the aquarium. A good suggestion is to have an aquarium that contains at least 30 gallons.

There are many benefits to having a larger tank size; it will give your fish more space to explore and swim, as well as provide plenty of hiding spots. It also makes it easier to maintain water quality and stability.

Sometimes, a smaller tank can work, so long as you are providing ample hiding places and frequent water changes. Make sure not to overcrowd the tank, as this can cause stress and aggression.

Water Conditions

The gold angelfish is quite resilient, adapting to different water conditions well. With that being said, it's crucial to have a stable environment since big changes in temperature or pH levels can be very stressful for the fish--and sometimes result in illness.

A gold angelfish's optimal water temperature falls between 78° and 84°F, with a pH of 6.5 to 6.9. Furthermore, the fewer nitrates and ammonia in the water, the better off your fish will be. Lastly, don't forget a good filter and regular water changes to maintain cleanliness and stability. Live plants can also help to keep the water clean and provide cover and places to hide.

Tank Decor

Decorating the tank is another important part of angelfish care, as these fish like being surrounded by plenty of hiding spots. There are many things that can be used to achieve this. The following are some popular additions:

  • Rocks: Rocks are great for providing shelter and hiding places, as well as creating visual interest. They can also be used to create caves and other structures in the tank.
  • Plants: Live plants provide shade, cover, and a food source for your fish. Some popular choices are Java ferns, Anubias plants, and Amazon swords. There are many benefits to having plants in the tank, such as helping to keep the water clean and providing a place for fish to hide. If you don't want to use live plants, then plastic or silk plants can be used. Aquatic mosses and grasses are also a great option.
  • Driftwood: Driftwood is another great addition that can be used to create interesting structures in the tank. It also provides shelter and hiding places for your fish. Some examples of driftwood include bogwood and manzanita wood.
  • Sand: Using sand or gravel as substrate provides a more natural look to the tank, and it can also help keep the water clean. It is important to choose a type of sand or gravel that is safe for your fish.
  • Tank dividers (in larger tanks): Tank dividers are essential for keeping male fish from fighting with each other, as well as providing the option of having multiple tanks in one.

These decorations should be arranged so that there are plenty of nooks and crannies for the fish to explore. Additionally, it's best to avoid sharp or jagged decorations, as these can be hazardous for your gold angelfish. Make sure to clean the decorations with warm water before adding them to the tank.

Tank Maintenance

Maintaining the tank is an important part of gold angelfish care. It's necessary to keep the water clean and stable, as well as provide plenty of hiding spots.

  • Regular water changes are essential for keeping the tank clean and healthy. The recommended amount is 20-25% every week or two. This will help to remove toxins from the water, as well as replenish the water with essential minerals and nutrients.
  • It's also important to remove debris from the tank on a regular basis. This can be done by vacuuming the substrate, wiping down the inside of the tank, and removing any uneaten food or waste.
  • Clean the filter regularly and replace it when necessary. This will help to keep the water clean and prevent the buildup of toxins.
  • It's important to inspect your angelfish regularly for any signs of illness or injury. If you notice anything out of the ordinary, it's best to take your fish to a veterinarian as soon as possible.

Note: Condition the water before adding it to the tank, and make sure that the temperature of the new water matches that of the old. This can be done by adding an aquarium heater to the tank.

You can also keep the water outside of the tank for a few hours before adding it to allow chlorine and other chemicals to evaporate.

Gold Angelfish Tank Mates

The Gold angelfish is a territorial fish, and it has been known to be nippy with other fish. If you decide to keep this type of fish, make sure that they are kept with other aggressive fish so that they can hold their own.

Some good tank mates for the Gold angelfish include:

  • Boesemani Rainbow Fish
  • Corydoras Catfish
  • Dwarf Gourami
  • Zebra Loaches
  • Platies
  • Mollies
  • Kribensis
  • Bushynose Pleco
  • Ram Cichlids

Some fish that should be avoided include smaller fish that can be seen as prey, as well as fish that have similar temperament and aggression levels. Examples of fish to avoid include:

  • Neon Tetras
  • Guppies
  • Bettas
  • Goldfish
  • Barbs

Keeping more than one angelfish can be difficult, but if you do so with a group of juveniles, it will help reduce the likelihood of aggression and fighting. If you put them in a community tank with other fish, observe their behavior carefully to make sure they are getting along. In case of aggression, you may need to remove one fish from the tank altogether.

Gold Angelfish Diet

Gold angelfish thrive on a diet of high-quality fish food. They prefer live and frozen foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and earthworms. However this should not be the only food that they eat. Feeding a lot of live food can lead to health problems in the long run, so it's best to supplement their diet with some dry food as well.

If you're feeding live food, make sure to remove any uneaten food before it has a chance to rot in the tank.

You can also give them flake food and sinking pellets. Make sure to read the label on the food carefully, as some foods may not be suitable for this type of fish. Avoid giving them too many treats, as this can lead to nutritional deficiencies and other health problems.

You can also offer them vegetables and fruits as occasional treats. Some good options include zucchini, cucumber, spinach, and peas. Vegitables are a great source of vitamins and minerals, and they can help to keep your angelfish healthy.

Feeding Tips

When feeding the Gold angelfish, it is important to keep a few things in mind:

  • The fish should be fed 2-3 times a day, in small quantities.
  • Avoid overfeeding, as this can cause health problems.
  • Remove any uneaten food after a few minutes, to avoid water contamination.
  • Offer a variety of foods to ensure proper nutrition.
Gold Angelfish

Gold Angelfish Diseases

Like all fish, the Gold angelfish is susceptible to a variety of diseases. The most common include:

  • Ich: Ich, also known as White Spot Disease, is a serious illness that appears as small white dots on the body of fish. The primary cause of ich among angelfish is usually a sudden change in water temperature or stress. However, placing plants or other fish that carry the protozoa into a tank with poor water conditions can contaminate all the angelfish and lead to Ich. Without treatment, this disease has a high chance of killing the affected fish, so immediate action is necessary for anyone who suspects their fish may have contracted it.
  • Fin Rot: Fin rot is a dangerous bacterial infection that can affect the fins of fish. It is most commonly caused by poor water conditions, such as high levels of ammonia or nitrites. Fin rot can also be caused by physical damage to the fins, which often happens when fish are kept with other fish that tend to nip. If left untreated, fin rot can spread from the fins to the body of the fish and ultimately be fatal.
  • Dropsy: Dropsy is a condition where the fish's body swells up from an excess of fluids. It is most likely caused by kidney failure, but can also come from an infection or tumor. Antibiotics may help to treat it, however oftentimes the difference between recovery and euthanasia for Dropsy-afflicted fish is negligible.
  • Velvet Disease: Velvet disease is a parasitic infection that causes the fish to develop a velvet-like coating on their body. It is most often caused by poor water conditions, but can also be introduced by new fish or plants.
  • Angelfish Hexamita: Hexamita, also known as Hole-in-the-Head disease, is caused by the rapid multiplication of a parasite that’s normally present in freshwater aquariums. This disease can be deadly to your angelfish if it goes untreated. Remedies for angelfish Hexamita include quarantining infected fish, raising water temperatures gradually until it reaches 90°F, or treating the aquarium with aquarium salt.


The most common symptoms of disease in gold angelfish include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Clamped fins
  • White spots on the body
  • Redness or inflammation
  • Swelling

If you notice any of these symptoms in your gold angelfish, it is important to take action immediately.


The best way to prevent disease in gold angelfish is to maintain good water quality. This can be done by:

  • Regularly testing the water for ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates
  • Conducting regular water changes
  • Avoiding overfeeding
  • Not overcrowding the tank
  • Keeping the tank clean
  • Quarantining new fish
  • Changing the water weekly

In addition, it is important to quarantine new fish and plants before adding them to the tank. This will help to ensure that they are not carrying any diseases that could contaminate the other fish.


If your gold angelfish does become sick, it is important to take action immediately. The best course of treatment will depend on the specific disease, but some common treatments include:

  • Water changes
  • Adding aquarium salt
  • Raising the water temperature
  • Treating with antibiotics
  • Using an anti-parasitic medication

If the disease is caught early, there is a good chance that your fish will make a full recovery. However, if it is left untreated, it can be fatal. However, before starting any treatment, it is important to consult a veterinarian or fish expert to ensure that you are using the correct medication and dosages.

Gold Angelfish Breeding

Breeding gold angelfish can be a rewarding experience for aquarists, but it does require a lot of dedication and patience.

To start, make sure they have a healthy diet and the freedom to choose their mate. It is important to choose healthy specimens that are free from disease or parasites, as these will likely pass on any issues to their offspring. It is often difficult to distinguish the sex of Angelfish, so letting them choose may be best. The main difference between males and females is that swelling in the female's abdomen occurs when her eggs are ready to hatch.

Before breeding season, both parents work together to clean a proposed site - this could be anything from a leaf to slate. Once the female is ready to lay her fertilized eggs, she does so in rows. To improve their chances of survival, both parents take turns cleaning off any dirt or rot that might threaten the health of the eggs.

Parents typically keep their young children close by until they learn to fend for themselves. In a similar way, gold angelfish mate for life and work together raising their fry; however, this isn't always the case. Gold Angelfish breeding pairs usually consume eggs and any nearby small fish when under stress-which has caused some commercial breeders to adapt their methods. If you want to keep the eggs, take out the slate or leaf where breeding took place and put it in a box with water from the original tank. After that, add an air stone so bubbles appear and circulate around. Although this might leave eggs open to fungal diseases, drops of fungicide will kill off any fungus present.

Breeders often transfer fry to a new tank with more hiding spots as they become prey. vigilance is key though, because it's easy to misplace and forget about them.

Gold Angelfish

Gold Angelfish Fry Care

Although caring for gold angelfish fry isn't complicated, there are a few steps you must follow to ensure their health and well-being. Goldfish need:

Plenty of hiding places - this can be anything from plants to pieces of driftwood;

A healthy diet - live brine shrimp or daphnia is ideal for Gold Angelfish fry.

Clean water - regular water changes will help keep the tank clean and reduce the buildup of toxic substances, such as ammonia;

Proper lighting - this can help stimulate growth and color in your fry;

An aquarium cover - to protect them from predators or jumping out of the tank;

Enough space - overcrowding will result in stress, which can lead to disease.

By following these steps, you can rest assured that gold angelfish fry will have the best chance of thriving in their new home.

Frequent Questions

What is special about gold angel fish?

Gold Angelfish are prized for their stunning golden colour and graceful swimming motion. They can also live in a wide range of conditions, making them suitable for both novice and experienced aquarists alike. They make great additions to any freshwater or saltwater tank, as they require minimal care.

Where do gold angelfish live?

Gold Angelfish can be found in the Amazon River Basin and its tributaries, as well as other freshwater bodies throughout South America. They prefer to live in slow-moving waters with dense vegetation. Their natural habitat consists of plants, rocks, logs or sunken tree branches they can hide behind.

How big do gold angelfish get?

Gold Angelfish can grow up to 6 inches in length and display their vibrant hues when mature. They generally live for around 10 years, but some have been known to reach up to 15 years of age with proper care.

How many gold angelfish should be kept together?

It is generally recommended to keep a male and female together, as this will help them form strong bonds and aid in their breeding. If you want to add more than two gold angelfish to the same tank, it is important to ensure there are plenty of hiding spots for them all. This will reduce aggression and allow each fish to have its own territory. It is also important to note that gold angelfish are social animals and do best in groups of 5 or more.

What are the different types of Gold Color angelfish?

Pearl scale gold angelfish, Naja gold angelfish, Golden angelfish, Goldflake angelfish, Gold marble angelfish, Golden angelfish freshwater and Gold veil angelfish are some of the different types of gold color angelfish.

Summing Up

Gold angelfish are gorgeous freshwater fish that generally get along well with others. They're perfect for most aquariums, but their diet requires a mix of both plants and animal matter, and they prefer staying near the bottom instead of floating at the top. The gold angelfish is a freshwater fish that typically grows up to 10-gallons. They are best kept in small groups but can live peacefully by themselves with the right care, including hiding places. These little guys have vibrant colors and lifespan of 10-15 years making them a great low-maintenance addition to any aquarium.

Sarah Robertson

I am a passionate blogger who also happens to be a fish keeping enthusiast. Writing about my hobby is something that I absolutely love to do, and it's no secret that my chosen topic is always centered around fish keeping.

Sarah Robertson

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