July 31

Sarah Robertson

The Silver Angelfish: A Beautiful and Fascinating Fish

Angelfish are a unique and beautiful addition to your aquarium. They are known for their peaceful nature and bright coloration, making them eye-catching fish that is sure to bring life to any tank.

There are multiple species of angelfish, but silver angelfish is one of the most popular. This particular type is a peaceful fish that will get along with many different tank mates.

Silver Angelfish have a gorgeous silver-white color on their body. Usually in the wild, these beautiful fish are found with black bars on a silver body; however, some natural mutations don't have any bars, are solid black, or come in lace forms. They have rounded shapes and flat bodies, making them easy to identify. 

They originated from South America and can be seen in the Amazonian rivers and streams.

Quick Facts About Silver Angelfish Care 

  • Scientific Name: Pterophyllum scalare
  • Common Name: Silver Angelfish
  • Origin: Amazon and Orinoco River Basins, South America
  • Family: Cichlidae
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
  • Temperature: Between 78° and 84° F
  • PH Range: 6.5 – 6.9
  • Lifespan: 10-15 years
  • Water Type: Hard
  • Breed Type: Egg Layer
  • Care Level: Easy- Moderate
  • Temperament: Semi-aggressive
  • Aquarium Hardiness: Hardy
  • Max Size: 6 inches
  • Compatibility: Community Tanks
  • Aquarist Experience Level: Beginner

Silver Angelfish Size

Silver Angelfish can grow up to 6 inches in the wild, but only 4-5 inches in home aquariums. This is because they don't have enough space or proper nutrition in captivity.

Silver Angelfish will stay healthiest and happiest in a 30-gallon tank. This give them space to swim around, as well claimed areas for themselves. Other elements that affect how big the fish tank should be include diet, water conditions, and which other species of fish it'll house. Additionally, some fish can grow larger than others due to genetics.

Silver Angelfish Lifespan

Silver Angelfish have the potential to live for 10-15 years with proper care. They are hearty fish which makes them easy to take care of as long as their basic necessities are met.

You can extend their lifespan and make them happier by giving them clean water, the right tank mates, and a healthy diet.

Silver Angelfish Behaviour

The Silver Angelfish typically does well with other fish that are a similar size because they can become aggressive if overcrowding happens. They may attack their own species or others in the tank if feeling cramped.

It's crucial to include many hiding places in the fish tank so that each fish has its own territory where it can feel secure. Generally, these fish are quite docile and get along well with other types of fish that aren't too aggressive.

They prefer to spend most of their time near the middle or bottom of the tank and need plenty of open swimming areas.

Silver Angelfish

Silver Angelfish Appearance

The Silver Angelfish is a freshwater fish that's characterized by its gorgeous silver-white color. In the wild, these beautiful fish are usually found with black vertical bars on their bodies; however, some natural mutations lack any bars, and are instead solid black or have a lace pattern. They're easy to identify due to their rounded shapes and flat bodies.

The Silver Angelfish, like all angelfish, have a tall and triangular body. They also have small black eyes and dorsal fins that point upwards. This specific species of angelfish has five to nine spines in their dorsal fin and two to three spines in the anal fin.

Gender Differences

Males tend to be larger and more colorful, while females remain smaller and lack color. The easiest way to tell the difference between males and females is that males have a pointed anal fin whereas females have a rounded one. Additionally, mature females are usually lighter in color than the males.

Silver Angelfish Care

Although caring for Silver Angelfish is not difficult, they have particular care requirements which must be met to maintain their health and well-being.

Tank Size

It's best to keep Silver Angelfish in a tank that is at minimum 30 gallons, and live plants as well as hiding spaces should be present. If you wish to keep more than one fish, it'd be smartest to aim for a 50-gallon tank so they each have their own space. Some benefits of doing this are improved water circulation and oxygenation, plus easier maintenance. Reducing stress is another perk offish living together peacefully in a larger environment since there's less aggression and territorial behavior when everyone has their own spot.

Tank Water Parameters 

The ideal water conditions for silver angelfish are a neutral pH of 6.5-6.9, although they can survive in slightly more alkaline (up to 7.6) or acidic (down to 6.2) environments if necessary. The temperature should remain between 78-84 degrees Fahrenheit, and the hardness should stay within 10-15 dGH levels. To keep ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate levels low, do regular partial water changes as needed.

Water Quality

If you want your Silver Angelfish to stay healthy, make sure its tank is well-maintained with good water filtration. To do this right, use a high-quality filter and change the water 25-30% weekly.

You should also purchase an aquarium gravel cleaner or siphon as this will help prevent the buildup of debris and waste. Furthermore, you should regularly check the water quality and test for ammonia, nitrites and nitrates. By doing so, you can maintain optimal water conditions for your fish.

Note: Water changes are vital for keeping your fish healthy, but it's important to never use hot or cold water, as this can shock the fish. Always remember to condition the water with a de-chlorinator before adding it back into the tank.

Tank Decor 

Silver Angelfish need plenty of hiding places because they are shy and timid. You can provide naturalistic decorations such as driftwood, rocks, and live plants for them to hide in.

  • Plants: Live plants do not only provide oxygen and hiding places for the fish, but also refuge from other predators. For a Silver Angelfish tank, some recommended low-light plants are Java ferns, Anubias, and Cryptocorynes. If you want floating plants as well, Hornwort or Water lettuce work great. There are plenty of perks that come with adding live plants to your fish tank, like upping the oxygen levels and absorbing extra nitrates. This provides fish with more coverage and shelter from light too. If you're not into using live plants, that's cool – fake ones work great as well. As long as they're safe for your fish friends and won't wreck their fins or scales, anything goes. And don't forget to clean the plants before drop them in the water!
  • Caves and Hiding Places: Silver Angelfish need plenty of places to hide and explore, such as caves, tunnels, rocks, and driftwood. This will also help reduce their anxiety and stress levels. These fish are sensitive to bright lights so it is important to give them enough hiding spots in the tank. Some examples of decorations that you can use in your tank for this purpose include Malaysian driftwood, roots, lava rock, and coconut shells .
  • Substrate: The best kind of gravel or sand to use for a Silver Angelfish tank is fine-grained and small enough so the fish won't choke on it, but also large enough that they can still eat from it. You could also add some smooth rocks or pebbles for extra visual interest and comfort for the fish.
  • Lighting: Silver Angelfish don't necessitate any peculiar lighting. You can exploit a natural or LED light in the fish bowl and maintain the force at low or even levels. 10-12 hours of daily light should suffice nicely. If you have live plants in the aquarium, you might need to enlarge the duration of time the lights are on.

Suitable Tank Mates

Silver Angelfish are non-aggressive fish that do well when kept with other peaceful species. Below are some examples of Silver Angelfish compatible tank mates:

  • Corydoras catfish
  • Otocinclus catfish
  • Corydoras Dwarf cichlids
  • Gouramis
  • Tetras
  • Plecos

Avoid putting these fish with other aggressive fish, as they may become stunned and could even get bullied. Also, don't put them together with fin-nippers or large fish that might attempt to eat them.

Silver Angelfish cannot live with the following fish:

  • Angelfish
  • Arowanas
  • Bettas
  • Cichlids

Silver Angelfish are beautiful creatures that deserve the utmost love and care. If you're thinking of adding any tank mates, please be sure to do your research in order to create a healthy and non-stressful environment for them. Make sure the tank is big enough for everyone comfortably, with plenty of hiding places. If there's already an aggressive fish present in the tank, safely remove it as soon as possible.

Silver Angelfish Diet

Silver Angelfish are omnivores and will eat most things, but it is crucial to give them a varied diet for their vitality. In the wild, they consume a mixture of plants and small invertebrates. If you have them in captivity, you can feed them:

  • Pellets: There are many different types of pellets available for fish, and they can be a great way to provide them with a balanced diet. Look for high-quality pellets that are rich in vitamins and minerals. Sometimes, these can also contain freeze-dried insect flavor which your fish will love. Feed these foods sparingly as they can quickly pollute the water if overfed.
  • Flakes: Flakes are another great option, but they should only be used as an occasional treat. Flakes are rich in protein and contain a variety of vitamins and minerals, but they are not as nutritious as pellets. So you should not limit your fish's diet to flakes alone.
  • Frozen Foods: Frozen foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms and artemia are all good options for a Silver Angelfish diet. These foods are rich in proteins and will provide your fish with the necessary nutrition. However, these should be offered in small amounts to avoid overfeeding.
  • Live Foods: Live foods such as blackworms, daphnia, and tubifex can also be offered to your Silver Angelfish. These should not be fed too often but can make a great treat for your fish every now and then. However, if you are trying to breed your fish, live foods can be offered more frequently.
  • Vegetables: Vegetables such as blanched spinach and zucchini are also great for a Silver Angelfish diet. These should be chopped into small pieces and offered to your fish regularly. You can also feed them algae wafers or spirulina flakes, which can provide them with extra vitamins and minerals.
Silver Angelfish

Feeding Tips

If you want to keep your Silver Angelfish healthy, it is important to be careful with their diet. Here are some tips for feeding Silver Angelfish:

  • It is important to provide your Silver Angelfish with a balanced diet so that they can stay healthy and active.
  • Feed your fish in small amounts multiple times a day, instead of one large meal. This will help prevent overfeeding and also keep their tank cleaner.
  • Do not overfeed as this can pollute the tank water quickly.
  • To ensure your fish are getting the nutrients they need, offer them a variety of foods. This will also help keep them interested and active.
  • Do not feed them live foods too often as this can put them at risk of disease.
  • Fast your Silver Angelfish at least once a week to give its digestive system a break.
  • Make sure that all foods are appropriately sized for your fish.

Silver Angelfish Diseases

Like most fish, Silver Angelfish can be susceptible to some diseases. The most common diseases affecting them include:

  • Ich: Ich (or white spot disease) is a common parasite that can affect your Silver Angelfish. It is caused by the protozoan Ichthyophthirius multifiliis and is easily recognizable by the white spots on the body. If left untreated, it can cause death in fish.
  • Skin Flukes: Skin flukes are microscopic parasites that can infest the skin and gills of your Silver Angelfish. They can cause irritation and stress, leading to loss of appetite, lethargy, and even death.
  • Fungal Infections: Fungal infections can occur if your fish is stressed or has a weakened immune system. These infections are usually white or grey in color and can cause skin lesions and other signs of distress.
  • Hole-in-the-Head Disease: This is a bacterial infection that causes pits and holes to appear on your fish's head. If left untreated, it can cause severe damage and even death.
  • Dropsy: Dropsy is a fatal condition caused by an imbalance of fluids in the body. It can be caused by stress, poor water quality, or any other underlying health problems.


If your Silver Angelfish is suffering from a disease, there are some signs you can look out for. Common signs include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy and lack of energy
  • Redness or inflammation on the skin
  • White spots or patches on the body
  • Open sores or lesions on the body
  • Labored breathing
  • Gasping for air at the surface

If you notice any of these symptoms, it is important to act quickly and contact a vet for help.


A lot of the diseases that can affect Silver Angelfish can be prevented with proper care and maintenance. Here are some things you can do to keep your fish healthy:

  • Keep the water clean by performing regular water changes.
  • Provide regular check-ups for signs of illness.
  • Maintain good tank conditions, such as the correct temperature, pH and water hardness.
  • Make sure your fish has a varied diet.
  • Do not overfeed as this can lead to poor water conditions.
  • Do not keep Silver Angelfish with other aggressive species.


If your Silver Angelfish is suffering from a disease, it is important to seek professional help. Depending on the type of disease, your vet may recommend medication or other treatments.

It is also important to maintain good water conditions in order to prevent any further health problems. Make sure you perform regular water changes and monitor the pH levels closely.

Silver Angelfish

Silver Angelfish Breading

Angelfish breeding occurs most successfully when all required conditions are present and you have a willing pair. Some angelfish couples can be picky, so it's important to get every detail perfect if you want them to breed. Following the right steps can help you increase your chances of successful breeding.

Step 1: Start by preparing the tank for breeding. This includes increasing the water temperature to 80-84°F, creating vegetation in the tank, and adding a spawning mop or artificial plants for the female to lay her eggs on. The ph of the water should also be 7.0-8.0.

Step 2: Condition the pair for breeding by providing them with a high-quality diet and plenty of space. This will help to ensure the health of both parents and eggs.

Step 3: Monitor your fish for signs of readiness to spawn by looking for courtship behavior, such as swimming in circles or chasing each other. This usually happens when the conditions are right and the couple is ready to breed. Generally, your angelfish will reach sexual maturity between 6 and 12 months old. If you remove the eggs each time they are produced, a pair of angelfish can spawn every 7 to 10 days. To signify that they are ready to spawn, a chosen site will be meticulously cleaned by the pair of angelfish. The female fish deposit a line of eggs afterward.

Step 4: After the eggs have been laid, the male fish will fertilize them. The eggs will then be guarded by both parents until they hatch 2 to 4 days later.

Step 5: Once the fry has hatched, it is important to provide them with food and clean water as soon as possible. Small live or frozen foods are ideal for the fry.

Silver Angelfish Fry Care

Caring for Silver Angelfish fry can be a challenging but rewarding process. The fry will require frequent water changes and regular feedings of small live or frozen foods.

When the fry is first born, they will be very small and delicate so make sure to keep an eye on them at all times. It is important to provide them with a safe and secure environment, free of any predators or hazards.

Young Silver Angelfish are sensitive to water quality and need frequent water changes. This is especially important in the beginning as they are still developing their immune systems. It is also important to monitor ammonia levels and keep them as low as possible.

It's also essential to provide the fry with a good quality diet. In the wild, Silver Angelfish fry feed on small invertebrates, such as worms and crustaceans. In captivity, you can provide them with high-quality prepared foods in addition to small live or frozen foods.

You can also supplement your diet with fresh vegetables and fruits, such as cucumber, zucchini, or spinach.

As the fry grows larger and stronger, you can gradually increase the size of their food and provide them with a more varied diet. With proper care and attention, you can successfully raise your own Silver Angelfish fry!

Frequent Questions

How long do silver angelfish live?

Silver Angelfish can live up to 10 years with proper care and maintenance. However, it is important to note that their lifespan may vary depending on the environment they are kept in and their diet.

Are silver angelfish aggressive?

Silver Angelfish can be territorial and may display aggression towards other fish they perceive as a threat. It is important to provide them with ample space and hiding places in order to reduce their stress levels and reduce the likelihood of aggressive behavior.

Can I keep 3 silver angelfish together?

Yes, you can keep 3 silver angelfish together in the same tank. It is important to provide them with plenty of space and hiding places so they don't feel crowded or threatened. Additionally, it is best to purchase a trio from the same source to ensure compatibility.

Silver angelfish with what other fish?

Silver Angelfish can be kept with other peaceful fish that require similar water parameters. Some good tank mates include tetras, Corydoras, guppies, mollies and platys. Avoid keeping them with aggressive or territorial fish as this can cause unnecessary stress. Additionally, it is important to research the temperament and size of each species before adding them to the tank.

Why does my silver angelfish have red eyes?

Silver Angelfish typically have red eyes, however the intensity of the color can vary between individuals. If your fish’s eyes are not as intensely red as they should be, it could be a sign that they are stressed or suffering from poor water conditions. Be sure to check your water chemistry and perform regular maintenance such as water changes in order to keep your fish healthy and happy.

What does a mix breed silver angelfish and koi angelfish look like?

A mix breed between a silver angelfish and koi angelfish will result in a fish with the classic Angelfish body shape, but with the white-and-black pattern of the koi. The coloration may vary depending on the specific genetics of each parent, but should be predominantly silver or white with black patches.

Do silver angelfish need a larger tank as they grow?

Yes, it is important to provide your Silver Angelfish with a large enough tank to accommodate their full size. Generally, an aquarium of at least 30 gallons should be provided for adult specimens. Additionally, it is important to keep the water parameters stable and well-maintained in order for them to thrive.


Silver Angelfish are beautiful and fascinating fish that make a great addition to any freshwater tank. As the name suggests these fish are silver in color, and can reach a size of up to 6 inches. They are relatively easy to care for and are loved by many aquarists for their beautiful appearance. They can live up to 10-15 years in captivity with proper care and attention, and require frequent water changes along with a good quality diet in order to stay healthy.

Silver Angelfish, like any other angelfish loves to eat and should be provided with a varied diet that includes both live and frozen foods. Additionally, they need plenty of space to swim and explore as well as hiding places in order to feel safe.

Though they can be territorial, they can cohabitate peacefully with other fish that require similar water parameters. With the right environment, you can successfully raise a thriving school of Silver Angelfish in your tank!

Sarah Robertson

I am a passionate blogger who also happens to be a fish keeping enthusiast. Writing about my hobby is something that I absolutely love to do, and it's no secret that my chosen topic is always centered around fish keeping.

Sarah Robertson

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