March 30

Sarah Robertson

Tuxedo Guppy (Complete Care Guide)

Fishkeeping is a rewarding hobby that can be enjoyed by people of all ages. While there are many different species of fish that can be kept, guppies are one of the most popular choices. One type of guppy that is particularly popular is the tuxedo guppy.

The Tuxedo Guppy is quite an uncommon guppy breed where male and female fish have vivid orange, dark blue, and white coloring on their bodies as well as fins. Male fish display this coloration more prevalently across the entire body.

In this article, we will go over everything you need to know about tuxedo guppies including their diet, habitat, tank mates, and more!

A Quick Tuxedo Guppies care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Poecilia Reticulata
  • Common Name: Tuxedo Guppy
  • Diet: Omnivores
  • Care Level: Easy
  • Compatibility: Peaceful
  • Color: Blue, red, orange, yellow, grey, or black
  • Ph: 7-8
  • Temperature: 77-80 degrees Fahrenheit (25-27 Celsius)
  • Water hardness: 8-12 dGH
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons for a group
  • Tankmates: Mollies, Platies, Swordtails, Endler's livebearers, Girardinus species, Heter
  • Breeding: livebearers
  • Size: 2.0-2.5 inches
  • Life expectancy: 2 years

Tuxedo Guppy Care

Tuxedo Guppies are livebearers, which means they give birth to live young rather than laying eggs. They're native to Caribbean islands and northern, tropical South America. Tuxedo Guppy's natural habitat is slow-moving streams with plenty of vegetation where they feed mainly on small invertebrates, detritus, and occasionally fish eggs.

Tuxedo Guppies are not fussy fish and can tolerate living in poor water conditions. However, they will be much healthier and show their best colors if they live in clean water with a neutral pH. Ammonia and nitrite levels should ideally be zero as these toxins can kill fish very quickly. Nitrate levels should also be kept low if possible. Tuxedo Guppies can also withstand high temperatures and periods of time when there is little oxygen dissolved in the water.

Maintaining optimal health in Tuxedo guppies requires regular partial water changes. As with any fish, diet is key to success. Though not fussy eaters, a diet mainly of live foods yields the best colors and growth in these fish. A quality flake or pellet food can serve as staple fare, supplemented by live foods such as brine shrimp, daphnia, or baby bloodworms.

Tuxedo guppies are social animals that thrive best in groups. A group of five or more is ideal, with a ratio of two males for every one female. If a group environment isn't possible, then aim to keep a minimum of two guppies together. When picking your Tuxedo guppies, always go for healthy-looking fish with bright colors and clear eyes. Poor health signs to look out for include pale fish and those whose fins are clamped shut.

Tuxedo Guppies Size

Tuxedo Guppies are small fish that only grow to be about 2.5 inches in length. In order to reach their full potential size, these fish species need to be provided with the proper care.

Some factors that can influence a guppy’s size include the quality of their diet and whether or not they have access to hiding places in their tank.

Tuxedo Guppies Lifespan

The average lifespan of a tuxedo guppy is 2 years, although some fish have been known to live for up to 3 years with proper care. However, the vast majority of fish will not live longer than 2 years.

Some things that can influence a guppy’s lifespan include the quality of their diet, tank mates, and whether or not they are stressed.

Tuxedo Guppies Appearance

If you're looking for an interesting guppy fish species to add to your tank, the tuxedo guppy fish is a great option. These freshwater fish are tropical and most commonly seen in community aquariums.

The appearance of the clownfish is what distinguishes them from the guppy fish – their colors are arranged in a tuxedo pattern, and the colors on their bodies may change; they can be blue, red, orange, yellow, grey, or black. These fish have long fins and their tails may be forked, round, or square.

Unlike many other fish species, tuxedo guppies can be easily distinguished by sex. Male fish are larger than females and have much longer fins. Females are also rounder in shape and their fins are not as long. Additionally, male fish tend to be more brightly colored than females.

tuxedo guppies

Tuxedo Guppies Behavior

These fish species are quite popular because of their kind disposition and amiable nature, which makes them ideal companion fish for other fish. They are relatively calm and get along well with other tank mates.

Tuxedo guppies are also known to be quite active and playful, often swimming near the surface of the water. They enjoy exploring their tanks and will often hide in plants or other decorations.

Sometimes, however, tuxedo guppies may exhibit aggression towards one another, particularly during mating season. This is normal behavior and usually nothing to worry about as long as the fish are otherwise healthy.

Tuxedo Guppies Tank Setup

Setting up a freshwater aquarium for tuxedo guppies is not difficult, but there are a few things you need to keep in mind, especially if you are new to fish keeping.

Tank Size 

Each tuxedo guppy needs approximately 5 gallons of water, which is not much different than ordinary guppies. They can grow to be about 2 inches large. However, it's best if you don't keep just one tuxedo guppy. Because tuxedo guppies appear to be sociable and like to live in groups, it's probably best if the tank is larger - for example, if you have four tuxedo guppies, you might want a 20-gallon tank or more.

Water Condition

Tuxedo guppies are tropical fish that prefer to live in warmer waters, somewhere around 77-80 degrees Fahrenheit (25-27 Celsius). They're very adaptable fish though, as they've learned from living in their natural habitats which can have changing weather conditions.

When it comes to temperature, they can survive in temperatures as low as 63°F (17°C), but when breeding, you must maintain higher levels. To do so, you may need a heater. The ph range should be from 7.0 to 8; however, it can also be at a neutral point. Water hardness should be at a level of 8-12 dGH.


As with any aquarium, you need to make sure the water is filtered and clean. This will help to keep your fish healthy and prevent them from getting sick. There are different types of filters available on the market, so it's best to do some research to find out which one would be best for your tank.

Some common types of filters are canister filters, power filters, and hang-on-back filters. Canister filters are a bit more expensive but they're very efficient and will last a long time. Power filters are less expensive but need to be replaced more often. Hang-on-back filters are a good middle ground - they're not as expensive as canister filters but they last longer than power filters.

You should also consider getting a filter that has a UV sterilizer to help keep the water clean and free of bacteria.

Tank Decor

When it comes to decorating your tuxedo guppy tank, you have a lot of options. These fish are not picky and will do well in most setups.

One thing to keep in mind, however, is that tuxedo guppies like to swim near the surface of the water, so you'll want to make sure there's plenty of open space for them to swim around.

Some people like to add live plants to their tanks, which can provide hiding places for the fish and help to keep the water clean. If you decide to add live plants, be sure to research which ones are best for freshwater aquariums. Some plants require special care and might not do well in your tank.

Other popular tank decorations include rocks, driftwood, and artificial plants. You can also add a gravel substrate to the bottom of the tank.

When choosing decorations, be sure to avoid anything that is sharp or could potentially hurt the fish.

Tuxedo guppies do not need special lighting, but you will need to provide some light for live plants (if you decide to add them to your tank). A fluorescent tube light or LED light will work well. Be sure to get a light that is specifically designed for aquariums so that it will not produce too much heat.

Compatible Tuxedo Guppy Tank Mates 

Tuxedo guppies are peaceful fish and get along well with other fish that have similar temperaments. Some good tank mates for tuxedo guppies include:

  • Mollies
  • Platies
  • Swordtails
  • Endler's livebearers
  • Girardinus species
  • Heter

There are some tankmates that are not compatible with tuxedo guppies such as:

  • Goldfish
  • Cichlids
  • Sharks
  • Bettas
  • Tangs
  • Dwarf gouramis
  • Loaches
  • Pufferfish

If you are planning to add tuxedo guppies to an existing tank, be sure to do your research and choose tankmates that will get along well with them. If you find that your tuxedo guppies are not getting along with other fish in the tank, you may need to remove them and find a new home for them.

Tuxedo Guppies

Tuxedo Guppies Diet

Tuxedo guppies are Omnivores, which means that they eat both plants and animals. In the wild, their diet consists of small insects, larvae, worms, and other tiny creatures. They will also consume algae and other plant matter. In the aquarium, you can feed your tuxedo guppies a variety of food such as:

Fish flakes: You can find fish flakes at your local pet store or online. Be sure to get a high-quality brand that is specifically designed for freshwater fish.

Granules: Granules are similar to fish flakes but are a bit larger in size. They're a good option for tuxedo guppies that are a bit larger. Granules are rich in nutrients and will help keep your fish healthy.

Live food: Live food is a great option for tuxedo guppies. They love to chase and eat small live insects such as brine shrimp, daphnia, and bloodworms. You can find live food at your local pet store. However, it is not recommended to feed them live food all the time as it can lead to health problems.

Frozen food: Frozen food is a convenient option and is just as nutritious as live food. You can find frozen bloodworms, brine shrimp, and daphnia at your local pet store or online. Be sure to thaw the food before feeding it to your fish.

Vegetables: Vegetables are a good source of vitamins and minerals. You can feed your tuxedo guppies blanched vegetables such as zucchini, cucumber, and spinach.

You need to feed your tuxedo guppies 2-3 times a day. Give them only as much food as they can eat in 2 minutes.

Do not feed your fish in large quantities, as overfeeding can lead to health problems such as obesity and swim bladder disease.

Remove any uneaten food from the tank so that it does not pollute the water.

Make sure to provide your tuxedo guppies with a varied diet so that they can get all the nutrients they need.

Live foods must not be fed to tuxedo guppies on a regular basis as it can lead to health problems.

Tuxedo Guppies Diseases

Guppies are generally quite hardy fish and don't get sick often. However, there are a few diseases that they are susceptible to, so it's important to be aware of them.

Some common diseases that affect tuxedo guppies include:

  • Ich: The most common problem in the fishkeeping hobby is white spot diseases, which are known as white spot ailments. If Ich is treated promptly, it is not deadly. Ich is caused by an ectoparasite (ciliate protozoan Ichthyophthirius multifiliis) and is easy to see. The fish begin to rub their skin against rocks, plant leaves, decorations, or the aquarium's sides. They may also lose their appetite. You will see tiny white spots on the skin and fins of your fish. It is not difficult to cure ich. There are a variety of medications available; however, you can also use aquarium salt.
  • Velvet: Velvet is a type of parasite that affects the skin and gills of fish. It is often confused with ich, but there are some key differences. Velvet is more difficult to see and usually only affects one side of the fish. The affected fish may also have trouble breathing and will often hide. If velvet is left untreated, it can be deadly. There are a variety of medications available to treat velvet, but the best way to prevent it is to quarantine new fish before adding them to your tank.
  • Fin rot: Fin rot is a bacterial infection that affects the fins of fish. It is often caused by poor water quality or injuries. The affected fish will often have ragged or torn fins. If fin rot is left untreated, it can be deadly. There are a variety of medications available to treat fin rot, but the best way to prevent it is to maintain good water quality and avoid injuries.
  • Protozoan: Protozoa is a tiny worm that primarily affects guppies. Other fish may be harmed as well, but guppies are the most frequent victims of this illness. The parasite attaches itself to the fish's skin and slowly crawls into its body via its muscle until it reaches circulation. Protozoal infections are generally seen in unheated tanks accompanied by poor water quality.
  • Columnaris: Although it appears to be a fungus, this illness is caused by bacteria. The colony of germs typically grows on the fish's mouth or middle third of the body as a large white splodge. Because the disease slowly paralyzes the muscle, sick fish have difficulty swimming. They also lose their appetite. The bacteria is highly contagious and mostly affects female guppies, but male guppies can also be infected if the illness is not treated. It can wipe out the whole fish colony in a tank.
  • Dropsy: Dropsy is an inflammatory disease of the liver or kidney that causes the abdomen to be filled with fluid it cannot expel. The fish becomes swollen, discolored, and occasionally deformed, with scales looking like pine cones protruding from its body. If a fish's belly becomes bloated, it could have trouble swimming. A bloating belly can also come from an excess of fluid in the colonic cavity. This might be due to water pollution, genetic disorder, or feeding habits. Overfeeding on blood worms or having long-term high stress could lead to dropsy.
  • Red Blood Paralysis: Also known as red body disease, this is a condition that affects fish in brackish and saltwater aquariums. The cause of the disease is unknown, but it is believed to be a viral or bacterial infection. The affected fish will have red patches on its body and may eventually become paralyzed. There is no known cure for this disease.
  • Viral Haemorrhagic Septicaemia: The guppy fish is infected with a virus that causes viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS). Lesions on the body are the first symptoms of viral hemorrhagic septicemia. Ulcers and sores will emerge later, as well as decaying fins. Pale gills and protruding eyes might be indicators of VHS. The fish will eventually cease eating and become less vibrant in color. You can treat your fish with antibiotics such as Maracyn 2 and API Furan 2 to cure VHS.
  • Popped eye: As the name suggests, popped eye is when the fish's eyes bulge out of its socket. It can be caused by a variety of things, including injuries, tumors, and infections. If the cause is an infection, it is often accompanied by other symptoms such as cloudy eyes, ulcers, and sores. Without knowing the root of the problem, it is very difficult to administer a cure. Different treatments might do more harm than good if you're not careful.


If your fish is displaying any of the following symptoms, it may be sick:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Rubbing against objects in the tank
  • White spots on skin or fins
  • Redness or inflammation
  • Ragged or torn fins
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Hiding
  • Bloated abdomen
  • Pinecone-like scales
  • Discoloration

If you notice any of these symptoms, it is important to take action immediately. The sooner you identify the problem, the easier it will be to treat.


Preventing illness in your fish is always easier than treating it. Here are some tips to help you keep your fish healthy:

  • Quarantine new fish before adding them to your tank
  • Maintain good water quality
  • Avoid injuries
  • Feed a varied diet
  • Remove sick fish from the tank immediately
  • Avoid overcrowding
  • Check fish for parasites before buying them
  • Add live plants


The best way to prevent your fish from getting sick is to maintain a clean and healthy aquarium. However, if your fish does become sick, there are a variety of treatments available.

  • Aquarium salt: Aquarium salt is a natural remedy that can be used to treat a variety of illnesses, including ich and velvet. Simply add 1 tablespoon of salt per gallon of water. The salt will kill the parasites and help to heal the fish.
  • Medications: There are a variety of medications available to treat fish illnesses. Be sure to read the instructions carefully and follow them exactly. Overdosing your fish can be just as harmful as not treating them at all.
  • Quarantine: Quarantining new fish is the best way to prevent the spread of disease. Keep new fish in a separate tank for 2-4 weeks before adding them to your main tank. This will give you time to observe them for any signs of illness.
  • Water changes: Water changes are an important part of maintaining a healthy aquarium. Be sure to change 25-50% of the water every week. This will remove any toxins or parasites that may be present.
Tuxedo Guppies

Tuxedo Guppies Breeding 

Tuxedo guppies are one of the easiest fish to breed and are perfect for beginners. However, there are a few things to keep in mind if you want to successfully breed tuxedo guppies.

Here are some tips for breeding tuxedo guppies:

Select Healthy Fish 

Remember to take into account the number of fish you want to breed, as well as each fish's unique coloring and tail shape. If you select two fish that share similar color patterns, their fry will likely have that same pattern. The same goes for fin shapes.

Select Breeding Tanks

You'll need a 10 to 20-gallon tank with a heater and a gentle filter. Because the baby guppies (which are known as fry) can be drawn up the filter and killed if the filter is too strong, you want it to be mild. If you believe your filter's strength is excessive, cover the hole in the mesh with sheer tights. The tights will allow water to pass through while also protecting the fry from being aspirated.

Set Up The Breeding Tank 

Unfortunately, male guppies may become cannibalistic, therefore the fry will require hiding places after they are born. The guppy fry tends to sink, so use low-floating plants for their concealment. Because the healthy fry is rising up, an additional high cover is required. There should be no substrate in the tank. Substrates are rocks/imitation rocks used to cover the bottoms of fish tanks. A tank with a clean bottom can help fry grow because it cleans easily and you can keep track of how many live fries or how much they consume.

Adjust the Tank for Your Fish's Specific Requirements 

While the females and males are in the tank together, set the temperature to about 77-79 degrees Fahrenheit (25-26.11 C). Purchase food with a higher nutritional value before putting the guppies in the breeding tank to encourage healthy reproduction.

Add the Guppies to the Breeding Tank

The only thing left to do now is wait for your fish to breed. When you see that your female fish is pregnant, put the male back in the regular tank. You can tell if a female fish is pregnant by looking for a dark mark on her abdomen; this is called a gravid spot. All females develop this when pregnant, but it's noticeably darker when eggs have been fertilized.

Know When Your Fish is About to Give Birth 

The average gestation period is 26 to 31 days. However, there are some tell-tale signs that mean your female guppy is almost ready to give birth: a large stomach, deep black gravid spot (or dark maroon if you are breeding albino or blond guppies), and her belly will start to look more like a box than round. It's important to remember that guppies give birth to live young rather than eggs. You'll need to keep a close eye on your pregnant female so you can remove her from the tank immediately after she gives birth (if you don't, she may eat her babies.)

Tuxedo Guppies Fry Care 

You should start to see fry within a few hours after the female gives birth. The fry are born fully formed and able to swim, but they are very small (about 1/8 of an inch or 3 mm). They will hide among the plants in the tank and eat microscopic organisms. After about two weeks, you can start feeding them baby brine shrimp or powdered fry food.

As the fry grows, you will need to move them to a larger tank. Once they reach about 1/2 an inch (1.27 cm), they can be moved to a 10-gallon tank. You can then start feeding them regular guppy food.

By the time they are 2-3 months old, they should be the same size as their parents and ready to breed.

Frequent Questions

What is a tuxedo guppy? 

The Tuxedo Guppy is an uncommon breed of guppy where both male and female fish have vivid orange, dark blue, and white coloring on their bodies as well as fins. Male fish tend to display this coloration more prevalently across the entire body.

How long do Tuxedo guppies live?

Tuxedo guppies have an average lifespan of 2-3 years, although some have been known to live up to 5 years with proper care.

How many tuxedo guppies should be kept together? 

Tuxedo guppies should be kept in groups of 5 or more to help reduce stress levels and provide adequate socialization opportunities.

Do tuxedo guppies need a bubbler? 

No, tuxedo guppies do not need a bubbler. However, they do benefit from having a filter and aerator in their tank to keep the water clean and oxygenated.

How often should I feed my tuxedo guppy?

Tuxedo guppies should be fed 2-3 times per day. Feed them as much as they can eat in 2-3 minutes.

What do tuxedo guppies eat? 

Tuxedo guppies are omnivores and will eat a variety of foods, including flakes, pellets, live food, and frozen food.

How often should I clean my tuxedo guppy's tank? 

You should clean your tuxedo guppy's tank at least once a week. Remove 30-50% of the water and vacuum the gravel to remove debris.


Tuxedo guppies are a beautiful breed of fish that are relatively easy to care for. They are a great addition to any freshwater aquarium and will provide you with hours of enjoyment. They are known for their peaceful nature and can be kept with a variety of other fish. With proper care, tuxedo guppies can live 2-3 years, although some have been known to live up to 5 years. However, it is very important to maintain a clean and well-oxygenated tank to prevent disease and extend its lifespan. Providing them with a varied diet of flakes, pellets, live food, and frozen food will keep them healthy and happy. So if you're looking for a beautiful and low-maintenance fish, the tuxedo guppy is a perfect choice!

Sarah Robertson

I am a passionate blogger who also happens to be a fish keeping enthusiast. Writing about my hobby is something that I absolutely love to do, and it's no secret that my chosen topic is always centered around fish keeping.

Sarah Robertson

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