March 21

Sarah Robertson

Types of Betta Fish – Colors, Patterns, Tails, and More

The bettas or Siamese fighting fish is one of the most popular types of betta fish. They are a type of fish that comes in a variety of vibrant colors, patterns, and tail shapes. Bettas are labyrinth fish, which means they can breathe air from the water.

Most other types of fish can't do this due to the fact that they don't have labyrinth organs that extract oxygen from water. Bettas are well-known for their aggressive interactions with other fish. 

There are many different types of betta fish, each with its own unique set of colors and markings. They can have long, flowing tails or short, stubby ones. Some bettas are solid colors while others have interesting patterns. In this article, we'll take a look at some of the most common types of betta fish and their features.

Betta Fish Tail Types

Betta fishtails come in a variety of shapes and sizes. From veiltail to Halfmoon, these tails come in a variety of forms and sizes. It's vital to understand the various types of betta tails beyond appearance. It will also help you learn more about the fish, including its DNA.

As a result, you'll know how much care and maintenance the fish requires. Veiltail Betta, Plakat Betta, Halfmoon Betta, Double Tail Betta, Elephant Ear Betta/Dumbo Betta, Delta Tail Betta, Rosetail Betta, Combtail Betta, Half Sun Betta, Round Tail Betta Fish, and Spade Tail Betta are the different types of Betta tails.

Veiltail Betta

The tail of the Veiltail Betta is long, swooping, and flowing, often drooping from behind the fin (caudal peduncle). Veiltail comes in a wide range of colors, and because this tail type gene is dominant, they are one of the simplest to breed.

These Bettas are said to be more sociable and cheerful than other Betta types, as they will wiggle their tails in the presence of their owners and even move around the tank to get a better look at their keepers.

Despite Betta's reputation for battling and aggressiveness, Veiltail is a docile and tranquil fish that make great additions to any community tank. That being said, they should not be housed with fish that are too large or timid, as the Veiltails long fins can easily become damaged in a fight.

Bettas appreciate soft current in the water, so good filtration is necessary. Ensure that aquarium décor does not include any sharp edges that could harm a betta's delicate fins. Under which bettas can hide, use floating cover. Maintain a water temperature of between 72 and 82°F with a heater. Water quality (pH, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate) and temperature are crucial for aquatic life's health.

  • Size: 1.5-2 inches 
  • Lifespan: 2-4 years 
  • Minimum Tank Size: 3 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores 

Plakat Betta

Plakat Betta

Plakat Bettas are beautiful freshwater fish that many people desire to keep. Their gorgeous hues and fins appeal to just about everyone. The placket betta's body is short, cylindrical, and has no significant curves, making these fish more resilient to injury.

Plakats are similar to other Betta species in that they have elongated anal fins, sword-shaped pelvic fins, and a fan-like dorsal fin that sits on the lower back. The tailfin, on the other hand, is significantly shorter than normal betta tails. The most noticeable distinction is the head, which tapers down to a point at the upturned mouth.

The male Plakat is the most unusual betta fish. The females are as vibrant as ever, and their fins are just as stunning. Female bettas, on the other hand, are frequently significantly less massive owing to this fact. Males are thus generally preferred by aquariums.

The main benefit of these fish is that they are adaptable to a wide range of water conditions. In fact, one of the simplest elements of Plakat Betta care is water maintenance.

Water temperature should be between 72 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit, the pH level should be between 6.0 and 7.5, and the water hardness must be 2 to 12 dKH. Almonds thrive in slightly acidic water and warm conditions. You may use almond leaves to lower the pH and offer a tannin infusion that approximates their natural habitat.

  • Size: 2-3 inches
  • Lifespan: 3-5 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores 

Halfmoon Betta

The Thousand Island betta's distinctive tail is half-moon-shaped, as are the tails of most kinds of bettas. They're a subspecies of Siamese fighting fish known as Betta splendens and are commonly referred to as bettas.

The Halfmoon betta has a long, curved tail that expands to a 180-degree semi-circle when the fish flairs its tail and fins in order to display its pearly whites or flee danger. The most typical color and pattern combinations on Halfmoon bettas are Mustard Gas and Samurai, two of which are shown above.

Male Halfmoon bettas tend to be more colorful and have distinct fins. The females are typically smaller, paler in color, and simpler in form than the males. They do not have the lengthy flowing tails and fins that the males do, but they come in a variety of hues.

Your Halfmoon betta is a tropical fish by nature, and it will want water temperatures of 24–28°C (75–82°F). They can withstand temperatures as low as 13°C (56°F), but colder water might weaken their immune system and make them prone to illness.

The ideal pH level is 7.0, but slightly higher levels are acceptable and should be monitored and adjusted on a regular basis to keep your betta happy. Soft water, similar to that found in their natural habitat, is preferred by Bettas.

They can live with a wide range of General Hardness (GH), ranging from 5 to 20 degrees DH or 70-300 ppm, but very hard water may be detrimental. To ensure that your fish stay healthy, their tank must include sufficient biological filtration to enable them to live there.

  • Size: Up to 2.5 inches, not including the length of the tail
  • Lifespan: 2-4 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores 

Double Tail Betta

Double Tail Betta

The double tail betta is a variant of the betta fish that may be found in any pet shop. Double tail bettas come in every hue and pattern of available betta colors and patterns. The presence of a split tail distinguishes this variety from others.

 Males have longer fins and tails than females, in general. Both sexes come in a variety of colors, including blues, greens, reds, oranges, yellows, pinks, purples, whites, and combinations of these.

Double tail bettas are tropical fish and should have water temperatures of 24-28°C (75-82°F). The ideal pH level is 6.5-7.0, but slightly higher levels are acceptable and should be monitored and adjusted on a regular basis to keep your betta happy.

Soft water is similar to that found in their natural. The water hardness should be kept between 2 and 12 dKH. Betta fish prefer to conceal themselves and thus need a tank with lots of hiding places. Gravel is an excellent option for the substrate in a betta tank. The bottom of your tank should have a depth of 1 to 2 inches. Due to their aggressive nature, the betta has certain requirements for tank mates.

  • Size: 2-3 inches
  • Lifespan: 2-3 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores 

Elephant Ear Betta/Dumbo Betta

The fish is native to the Vietnamese, Thai, and Mekong Delta's Asian waterways. It prefers standing water in flooded rice paddies, canals, and floodplains. The elephant ear betta has a lot of intriguing features.

The small, circular scales of the elephant ear betta resemble the ears of an elephant and provide assistance to the fish during swims. Like all other betta fish, elephant ear bettas have brilliant colors that are more vivid in aquarium specimens than those seen in their natural habitat.

While natural waterways only contain a small number of fish species, they may be found in a wide range of hues. In contrast, aquarium fish have an incredible variety of bright colors: from blue to light green, yellow, red, and even pink. They have a thin profile against flowing fins that are sometimes larger than the actual body.

Dumbo bettas, on the other hand, are quite hardy and don't require a lot of maintenance. However, if you want your Dumbo betta to live happily ever after, you'll need to give it the appropriate environment.

Smaller tanks are more likely to cause fish stress and death. Water temperature should always be maintained at a range of 24-28 degrees Celsius or 75-82 degrees Fahrenheit. During the winter, aquarium heaters should be more prevalent. You should also test the water to ensure it has a neutral pH of 7.

  • Size: 2-2.5 inches
  • Lifespan: 1-2 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores 

Delta Tail Betta

Delta Tail Betta

The Delta Tail betta was originated in Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia. Southeast Asian people are responsible for breeding the most powerful delta tail bettas.

One of the most uncommon fish species in this popular aquarium fish family is the delta tail betta. They come in a wide variety of gorgeous hues. The most popular solid colors are blue and red, but delta tail bettas can also be found in yellow, black, orange, turquoise, white, green, multi-colors, marble, purple, pink, and metallic.

The phoenix is a little more expensive, but it has an extremely bright and distinctive coloration. A bi-colored betta fish has a clear and distinct difference between its fins and torso. Most importantly, there will be no overlap. The majority of Cambodian bettas are bi-colored, having flesh-colored bodies and red, blue, or green fins.

Keep the pH level at 7.0, which is perfect for bettas. The water hardness should be between two and five carbonate hardness (dKH), and the temperature of the water should be set at 780 Fahrenheit.

Delta tail bettas are susceptible to temperature shock, which is especially dangerous at low temperatures. Fluctuating temperatures can harm your betta, so check the tank and a good thermometer on a regular basis to ensure you know what's going on.

  • Size: 2-3 inches  
  • Lifespan: 2-4 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallons 
  • Diet:  Carnivores

Rosetail Betta

A Rosetail betta is a Half-moon betta with more branching in the fin rays, especially on the caudal fin. Some rosetail's tails may spread beyond 180 degrees. The caudal fins of certain rose tails occasionally overlap. The rose-like fins are enhanced by the spreading tail.

In rare circumstances, the tail appears almost feather-like. Feathertails are a result of selective breeding and might originate from several parents. Some bettas were selectively bred to enhance the tail spread of their descendants; hence these fish have been dubbed feathertails. Although they may come from many parents, rosetails and feather tails are now marketed commercially as distinct species.

Rosetail betta fish are prone to a variety of difficulties as they get older, leading to a miserable existence for these aquarium inhabitants. As a result, proper care is required in order to maintain them healthy. Rosetail Bettas can live in temperatures as low as 72°F but thrive at temperatures of 78-80°F.

They require a somewhat acidic to mostly neutral pH of 6.5-8.0, with the main portion of their pH needs being to guarantee that the pH is constant. They adore plants with big leaves they can sink into, such as Anubias and Java Fern. They also enjoy dense floating plants like Water Sprite, as well as trailing-root plants like Dwarf Water Lettuce.

  • Size: Around 5 inches 
  • Lifespan: 2-3 year
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons 
  • Diet: Carnivores

Combtail Betta

Combtail Betta

The Combtail, often known as the half-sun betta fish, is a relatively new type. The fish’s ancestors are known to be native to Thailand (formally Siam) and other parts of South-East Asia (e.g. Malaysia, Vietnam, and Indonesia). The Combtail's tail lacks webbing and has a dip between each ray instead.

The overall appearance of the tail becomes that of a wide-toothed comb owing to this. The distance between the ray of the fin and the webbing is not readily apparent. The combtail betta fish has a fan-like caudal fin, which is typical. It has a broad range that seldom exceeds 180 degrees.

The Combtail is a hybrid. It has fewer extended spikes, fringes, or rays than the Crowntail. This breed's tail is occasionally feeble in support but is typically productive and healthy. Some Combtails have droopy tails that are unsightly. They come in a variety of hues, although the most popular are blue and red.

  • Size: 3 inches 
  • Lifespan: 2-3 Years 
  • Minimum Tank Size:  5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Round Tail Betta Fish

Roundtails are single-tailed bettas with rounded edges and are often confused with the delta tail and even the super delta tail.  They are the result of cross-breeding a double-tail betta with a single-tail.

The fish has a long, slender body with a round tail. The fins are also round and lack any extensions. They come in many colors including red, blue, yellow, green, and black.

Roundtail bettas should be kept in temperatures ranging from 75-81 degrees Fahrenheit and need a pH level of 6.0-7.5. They require a minimum tank size of 2 gallons and should be fed a diet of meaty foods, such as live and frozen brine shrimp, bloodworms, and Daphnia.

  • Size: 1.5-2 inches
  • Lifespan: 1-2 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores 

Spade Tail Betta

This betta has a caudal fin that looks like a spade, which explains its name. Its tail has a wide base that narrows smoothly. The spadetail Betta's fins look just like a veil tail, but the tail curves back down to a point, just like a spade from a playing card. This tail type is actually quite rare. It used to be quite common in the 90s but is much more difficult to obtain these days.

The spadetail betta should be kept in temperatures ranging from 78-82 degrees Fahrenheit and need a pH level of 6.5-8.0. They require a minimum tank size of 5 gallons and should be fed a diet of meaty foods, such as live and frozen brine shrimp, bloodworms, and Daphnia.

  • Size: 3 inches 
  • Lifespan: 2-3 years 
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Betta Color Types

Bettas come in a variety of hues. Male bettas have brighter colors than their female counterparts. The genes passed down through their parents, as well as the water quality in their tank, influence these tones. Some of the most common colors include Blue, Black, Red, Pink, Rose, Yellow, White, Purple, Green, Mustard, Albino Betta, Chocolate, Pastel, Orange, Copper, Thai Flag color, and Gold.

Blue Betta Fish

The Blue Betta Fish is a fighting fish that is not often seen as an ornamental species. It resembles the species you'd find in the wild rather than the selectively bred specimens sold at pet shops. This coloration allows it to blend in very well. It's also known as the Mekong Fighting Fish or Emerald Green Betta, among other names.

The Blue Betta Fish thrives in a temperature range of 72 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit, and its optimum pH level is 6.8 to 7.5. For a single fish, they require at least 3 gallons of water with a pH level of 6.8 to 7.5 and should be fed a diet that includes meaty foods like live and frozen brine shrimp, bloodworms, and Daphnia.

  • Size: 2-3 inches
  • Lifespan: 3 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 3 gallons 
  • Diet: Carnivores  

Black Orchid Betta

The body and fins of a black orchid betta are jet black. Translucent blue streaks across their scales, making them appear iridescent. A Crowntail betta is generally mixed in with a black orchid betta when purchased by aquarists.

They have large fins with long spiky extensions, giving them a crown-like look. The extensions might extend the fins 2-3 times longer than the body. It is simple to tell the difference between male and female betta fish.

Although both genders have similar colors and fins, males are generally more magnificent in appearance. They can be found in slow-moving tropical freshwaters, such as river deltas and paddy fields.

These are low-oxygen environments, so a labyrinth organ is required. There would also be live plants in the warm water, as well as other aquatic organisms. The temperature of the water should be 75°F to 80°F, and the pH should be 6.5 to 7.5.

  • Size: 3 inches 
  • Lifespan: 3 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Red Betta Fish

Red Betta Fish

The Red Betta Fish is not your typical creature. While it belongs to the same genus as other species, it is a distinct fish that may be kept with similar care. You might come across it by any of these names, or you could call it the Scarlet Betta Fish.

The color of its species name refers to its hues. The body is a deep red, and the fins are black. The male and female have distinct sexual differences. The former is frequently brighter, but the latter might have a visible egg tube.

The Red Betta Fish’s geographic location and habitat provide valuable clues about what this species needs. It lives in a warmer climate and in shallow water. That means the optimal temperature is on the tropical end of the spectrum between 72℉–80℉.

 The pH of the water is another issue. The coloration from the plants causes discoloration in the water, which Red Betta Fish prefer, acidic conditions. It's usually in a range of 3.8 to 4.7.

  • Size: 2.5 inches
  • Lifespan: 2-5 years 
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores  

Pink Betta Fish

The unusual color of the Pink Betta is just one of the reasons why it's so uncommon. They can be found in a variety of morphs, including Crowntail, veiltail, and marble types, but genuine Pink Bettas of any kind are extremely unusual.

 Some people may confuse other bettas for pink ones. Some Bettas are so pale that their tissues and organs appear transparent, giving them a pink tint. They're easy to spot because they have the brightest eyes of all: salmon or crimson. Pink Bettas are exceedingly rare and difficult to breed.

In Thailand, they live in rice paddies and other slow-moving, warm water habitats. Bettas prefer a temperature of 75-80 degrees Fahrenheit with a pH level of 6.5-7.5. To maintain your fish tank's temperature and avoid large swings in temperature or pH levels, use a thermometer to monitor its temperature.

  • Size: 2-3 inches
  • Lifespan: 2-5 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 3 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores 

Rose Petal Betta

The Rosetail betta, often known as the rose petal betta, is a relatively new variety of the popular betta fish that's very common on the aquarium market. These fish have a large flowing D-shaped caudal fin, which makes them quite spectacular in an aquarium.

However, it is a costly beauty, and many of these fish are unable to swim freely. The tail fin of this betta spreads 180 degrees when expanded, just like the Halfmoon betta. However, rosetails have been developed even further than the Halfmoon breed to produce extremely ruffled and branching tail fins after the spread.

Rose petal bettas are the result of selective breeding and do not exist in nature. The rose petal betta's water quality and disposition are largely unknown. However, they are found to thrive in a planted aquarium of 20 gallons with a temperature range of 72-82 degrees Fahrenheit and a pH of 6.5 - 7.5, according to reports.

  • Size: 1-2.5 inches
  • Lifespan: 2-5 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Yellow  Betta Fish

Yellow Bettas are fairly common and thus aren’t prohibitively expensive. They are also called pineapple bettas because of their coloration. A Pineapple betta is primarily yellow in color and has scales that are outlined in black. These forms of betta are officially categorized as a non-red variety.

In the wild, Yellow Bettas come from rice paddies in Thailand and Cambodia. They're used to a hot climate with temperatures around 75-80 degrees Fahrenheit. The ph for their natural habitat is around 6.5-7.5 on the alkaline side. They also require good filtration and frequent water changes. Adding plants and hiding places is recommended to stimulate natural behavior.

  • Size: 2-2.5 inches 
  • Lifespan: 2-5 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 3 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

White Betta Fish

The White betta is one of the more unusual fish colors available in pet shops, as many hobbyists favor brightly colored specimens that stand out in their tanks. White betta fish have pure white bodies and fins, which sometimes have a glistening pearlescent sheen.

Because the flesh of the fish may be seen through its scales, the fish appears almost translucent. Depending on the tail type you choose, a pure white betta may appear absolutely lovely.

The natural habitat of the white betta is still unknown, but it is speculated that they come from slow-moving streams and canals in Southeast Asia. They are thought to prefer a warm water temperature of around 78 degrees Fahrenheit and a pH level around 6.5-7.0. White bettas should be kept in an aquarium with plenty of live plants to provide cover and a healthy environment.

  • Size: 1.5 to 2.5 inches
  • Lifespan: 3-6 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Purple Betta Fish

There are, in fact, purple bettas. They're just as lovely as you might assume. Even though you can find a lot of bettas with the purple mix, such as blue or yellow, a pure purple betta is very difficult to get your hands on.

The hue of this purple is brilliant and vibrant, comparable to a gemstone. These bettas are extremely rare and considered a "show" betta. They are very hard to breed and require a lot of care.

The natural habitat of the purple betta is still unknown, but it is speculated that they come from slow-moving streams and canals in Southeast Asia. They are thought to prefer a warm water temperature of around 75-80 degrees Fahrenheit and a pH level around 6.5-7.0. Purple bettas should be kept in an aquarium with plenty of live plants to provide cover and a healthy environment.

  • Size: 2.25 to 2.5 inches
  • Lifespan: 10 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Green Betta Fish

Yes, there are green betta fish. However, you're more likely to come across a turquoise betta fish with a green metallic sheen to their scales rather than a green base color.

These hues might be tough to detect, especially in low lighting. However, solid green and dark green betta fish have been reported. It is unlikely that you will ever come across one in a typical aquarium shop.

Like any other bettas, green bettas come from the rice paddies of Southeast Asia. They have a natural lifespan of around 2-5 years and like to live in temperatures around 76-82 degrees Fahrenheit with a pH level of 6.5-7.5.

To keep your green betta healthy and happy, it's important to give it plenty of places to hide and swim. You can also add some live plants to the tank to help recreate its natural environment.

  • Size: 2.5-3 inches
  • Lifespan: 2-5 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 3 gallons 
  • Diet: Carnivores

Mustard Gas Betta

Mustard Gas Betta

The Mustard Gas Halfmoon Betta (Betta splendens) is a highly distinctive, signature color fish of the traditional longfin breed. This fish has a bluish or blue-green body with brilliant yellow fins, creating a very distinctively colored fish. Each individual betta is unique, but every member of this species is extremely vibrant and high-quality.

The ideal water flow for these betta species is low, but filtration, heating, and typical aquarium fish keeping techniques are required for long-term care. Aquatic Arts does not advocate the long-term keeping of bettas in confined circumstances or aquariums without filtration or heating. A temperature of 72°- 82° F (22.2° - 27.8° C) and a pH of 6.0 - 7.5 is recommended.

  • Size: 2-3 inches
  • Lifespan: 3-5 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Albino Betta

The albino betta is the rarest betta color on the planet. It's unusual to the point that, like pure black bettas, many collectors don't think they exist. Unlike white bettas, albino bettas have pink or red eyes. Their scales and fins are clear, owing to the absence of color in them.

 It's not unusual for genuine albinos to be so unskinned that light can shine through them. Their internal organs and muscles may be seen under the right lighting. In the wild, albinos have a significant disadvantage owing to their lack of pigmentation. The mutation is a common cause of problems in albino bettas, which makes them harder, if not impossible, to discover.

The ideal water temperature for an albino betta is between 78 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit and has a pH of 6.5 to 7.5. They should be kept in an aquarium with plenty of live plants to provide cover and a healthy environment.

  • Size: 1.5 to 2.5 inches
  • Lifespan: 3-6 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Pastel Betta

Pastel bettas are iridescent (steel blue, blue, and green). It's the non-red or Cambodian gene that distinguishes the pastel from regular dark-bodied iridescent bettas. Pastel bettas are homozygous for Cambodians, which gives them a lighter flesh-colored appearance.

Pastel bettas are susceptible to having little pockets of opaque factor, which causes the iridescence to appear more solid. If there isn't any opaque factor, the iridescent color will look transparent in the absence of black or red (dark) pigments.

The ideal temperature is 75-80 degrees Fahrenheit. The betta's immune system will slow and make it easier to get sick if the water is too cold. Water that is too hot can be uncomfortable and prematurely age the fish, as their metabolism will speed up. A heater should be used to keep the temperature constant.

  • Size: 2.5 inches
  • Lifespan: 2-4 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Orange Betta Fish

The orange Betta fish is one of the most difficult to breed in Betta splendens, with only a few individuals being known. The major reason for this is that the orange betta fish do not reproduce true. This implies that even if the parents are orange, their offspring may not be.

Orange fighter fish generally produce yellow or red offspring. Fish are colored using three pigments: red, black, and yellow. Chromatophores are cells that contain these pigments. To make orange, you need a combination of yellow and red chromatophores.

The color of a neon tetra fish may range from bright orange to subtle gold. Neon tetras have several different patterns and shapes, which are determined by the parents' dominant and recessive genes.

The ideal water temperature for maintaining freshness varies from species to species but is generally between 20 and 28 degrees Celsius (68-82.4°F). A pH of 5 to 7 and a hardness level of 5 to 19 are required.

A heater is also a must considering the species' natural habitat. By providing a heated aquarium, you ensure that your betta is healthy and in return, they will reward you with deeper coloration.

  • Size: 2-2.4 inches
  • Lifespan: 2-4 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 15 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Wild-Type Betta Fish

The ancient Greek physician Hippocrates once quipped, "The difference between a fish and a betta is that a betta has fins." The distinctive long-finned beauties of today are nothing like the drab grayish-green Dulles with tankmates!

A wide range of hues and fin shapes have been created through selective breeding, including the Veil Tail, Crowntail, and Halfmoon. Bettas come in solid colors or with brilliant patterns of black, red, blue, or green.

The ideal water temperature for keeping freshness varies from species to species but is generally between 20 and 28 degrees Celsius (68-82.4°F). A pH of 5 to 7 and a hardness level of 5 to 19 are required.

A heater is also a must considering the species' natural habitat. By providing a heated aquarium, you ensure that your betta is healthy and in return, they will reward you with deeper coloration.

  • Size: 2 inches
  • Lifespan: 2-4 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Galaxy Koi Betta

Galaxy Koi Betta Fish

The Galaxy Koi betta fish is a stunning creature that has experienced a meteoric rise in popularity. These unique fish come in a variety of hues, including blue, green, and red. They are simple to maintain and reach sizes of up to 3 inches when mature.

 Male varieties display a base dominated by blues or reds. They'll be less colorful, with splashes of iridescent scales visible. The Plakat's fins and tails are longer than the Galaxy Koi Betta's.

The Galaxy Koi betta fish can be kept in an aquarium with one male and a few females. It is recommended that you not keep two males together because they are hostile towards each other.

You should provide your Galaxy Koi betta with enough swimming area as well as food.They are not readily accessible in pet shops, but you may get them by placing a special order. Because many individuals can afford them, they are not particularly costly.

  • Size: 3 inches
  • Lifespan: 3 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 2 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Copper

The Fancy Copper Plakat Betta (Betta splendens) is a very high-grade coloration fish with the Plakat body and fin type's popular evergreen coloration. This fish's colors vary, and its scales grow distinctively metallic as it matures.

The Betta Fish are typically electric light blue in color, with some color variations (typically dark blue, copper) and a darker face. They're one of the more uncommon Betta Fish.

In the wild, bettas prefer warm climates. So, even if you keep betta fish in an aquarium at home, they'll need the comfort of their native climate. In fact, they have a rather restricted ideal temperature range: 78-80° F (s25.5-26.5° C).

  • Size: 2.5-3 inches
  • Lifespan: 2-3 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 3 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Thai Flag

The Thai Flag Betta (Betta splendens) is a man-made hybrid betta. This fish was developed in Thailand in the early 1990s by crossing female Siamese fighting Fish with male Crowntail Bettas.

The Thai Flag gets its name from the three horizontal stripes of blue, red, and white that run along with its body. The fish is also referred to as the Thai Bleeding Heart.

To preserve freshness, the ideal water temperature varies from species to species, but it is usually between 20 and 28 degrees Celsius (68-82.4°F). A pH of 5 to 7 and a hardness level of 5 to 19 are necessary. Consider whether or not a heater is required based on the species' natural habitat.

  • Size: 2 inches
  • Lifespan: 2-4 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 3 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Gold Betta

Gold

Crossbreeding betta splendens with other species of wild betta, notably betta mahachai and imbellis, produced the metallic gold betta. The dark waters in which Betta maccachai dwells naturally produce a large amount of iridescence on its scales to make up for the obscurity. The Plakat betta, an outcross following betta splendens, was the first to exhibit a metallic scale trait.

These types of bettas require a water temperature of 72-82°F. The ideal pH level is 6.8-7.5 and the hardness should be 5-19 dGH. Like any other betta fish, these beauties also prefer densely planted tanks with plenty of places to hide.

  • Size: 2 .5 inches
  • Lifespan: 3-5 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Betta Pattern Types

Bettas have a wide range of patterns, much like their tails and hues. The scale pattern of bettas is determined by their genetics, as well as their diet and the environment they grow up in. Because fish cannot create pigments on their own, they must obtain them from their diet.

 Dragon scale Betta, Butterfly Betta, Marble Betta, Koi Betta, Grizzle Betta, Mask Betta, and Piebald are all names given to different types of betta patterns.

Dragon Scale Betta

The scales on these bettas are generally a shiny color, similar to a thick layer of ‘dragon scale' armor; they're usually bordered with black edges to give them greater depth and prominence.

Although many dragon scales are copper in color, they have been developed to show almost all color variations in a variety of fin forms and markings. Instead of the sheen that comprises the "dragon scale," these bettas are often called after their base color.

The dragon scale betta prefers a basic aquarium with moderate water conditions. It will not endure in extreme circumstances. The temperature of your dragon scale betta's tank should be maintained at 75°-76° F. In order to maintain uniformity, you may need to invest in a water heater.

  • Size: 2.5 -3 inches
  • Lifespan: 5 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

Butterfly Betta

The Butterfly Betta is a popular aquarium fish because of its beautiful and distinctive appearance. This tropical fish is bred in a variety of vivid colors. The most frequent colors are vibrant royal blue, red, yellow, orange, green, and purple.

The Butterfly Betta is distinguished by its gleaming, iridescent sheen in addition to its vibrant hues. It's very typical for males to be more colorful than female betta fish.

Because the Betta fish is tropical in nature, it thrives in water that remains at a temperature around 75 degrees Fahrenheit. A heater may be used to keep the water at about 75°. The delicate fins and tail of the Butterfly Betta might be harmed if the current in the water is too strong.

The water should be sluggish and have a soothing, moderate current. The Butterfly Betta dislikes harsh water. The aquarium's dGH level should be 5 to 20, or roughly equivalent to that of a mild spring shower.

  • Size: 2.5 -3 inches
  • Lifespan: 5 years
  • Minimum Tank Size:  5 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores  

Marble Betta

Marble Betta

Marble bettas are also called koi bettas. The colors of the Koi betta are gorgeous, ranging from white, orange, and blue hues. They have a calico-like appearance with their fins fluttering with elegance and grace.

They have a bright hue that sets them apart from the others. The majority of males are brighter and more flamboyant than the ladies, which is why they appear different.

Marbles prefer a tank with a pH of 6.8 to 7.5 and a hardness level of 5 to 19 dGH. The temperature should be maintained at around 75-85 degrees Fahrenheit, plus or minus two degrees. They should have plenty of hiding places as they are timid fish.

  • Size: 3 inches
  • Lifespan: 3 years
  • Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallons
  • Diet: Carnivores

If you want to know more about the Colors, Patterns & Tails of King betta & Giant betta, you can checkout King betta vs Giant betta.

FAQs

What Do Betta Fish Look Like in the Wild?

Traditional betta fish is a dull grayish-green in color with short fins, unlike the stunningly colored, long-finned beauties of today. Nowadays, a variety of colors and fin shapes have been bred through selective breeding, including veil, Delta, Halfmoon, Crowntail, double tail, and many more.

How Did Betta Fish Become So Diverse?

The wide range of hues and fin types are seen in today's betta fish is due to human-induced artificial selection. Breeders select the most attractive fish and mate them to produce offspring that inherit those characteristics. This procedure is repeated across many generations, resulting in such spectacular variety in betta fish today.

Is It Normal for Betta Fish to Change Colors?

Yes, betta fish are known to alter hues, especially if you have a marble betta. They may also change colors as a result of a variety of reasons, such as mood, stress, and diet. In addition, certain hues might be more prominent at different times of the day. 

What Is an Assorted Female Type of Betta Fish?

The word "assort" in the context of betta fish simply implies that there are a variety of different colors among the fish on offer. Some female fish are sold as part of a group, but many aquarium owners choose to keep their female bettas in separate tanks due to the combative nature of this species when kept together.

What Is the Rarest Types of Betta Fish Color?

The albino betta is the world's rarest species of betta. The albinos are an enigma to be unraveled. It is generally accepted that bettas with albinism are a recessive trait, and it has been seen in the same families on occasion.

How Do I Identify My Betta Fish?

There are many different types of betta fish, with a variety of colors, patterns, and shapes. Each type has its own specific needs in terms of care, so it's important to know which type of betta you have before attempting to care for it. The following are some tips:

Examine the short length of a Betta fish’s tail

The length of a Betta's tail is one simple way to tell whether it's a male or female. Bettas with short tails, as well as those bred to fight, are quite common in the wild. These are the males. Females have long, flowing tails.

Look at the body shape and color

Betta fish come in a variety of shapes and colors. Some common colors are green, blue, black, and pink. There are also many different patterns including spots, stripes, and marbling. The shape of a Betta's body can also be a clue to its sex. Females are typically plumper with a more rounded abdomen than males.

Check the fins

Male Betta fish have long, showy fins, while the fins of females are shorter and more rounded. If you're not sure what type of Betta you have, look at its fins to get a better idea.

What Is the Rarest Betta Fishtail?

The fantail Betta is the rarest form of Betta according to its tail shape. This popular freshwater fish has two caudal fins that are side by side but joined at the top, making it resemble a fantail goldfish. They are also known for their long, flowing fins. This species is so unusual that there isn't much information about them or where to buy them.

How Do Bettas in Today's Aquariums Obtain Their Colors?

Wild betta fish's color and scale pattern are determined by their genetics. In the wild, betta fish's color and scale pattern are determined mostly by their genetics. However, unlike wild fish, aquarium specimens are influenced mostly by their diet and the environment in which they reside. Water conditions, such as pH levels, temperature, and water hardness, also play a role in the development of their color.

To preserve the health of your betta, give them a varied and high-quality diet, as well as keep their water sparkling clean. Their water temperature is also important; make sure it stays between 75 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit. Color changes in your betta might be caused by poor water quality, low temperatures, or hunger. In addition, it is critical to remove any uneaten food from the tank to prevent polluting the water.

Summary

Bettas are highly colorful beautiful fish that may be found in a range of hues, forms, and sizes. Some of the colors you might come across include green, blue, black, rose, gold, yellow, and pink. The Veil Tail, Half Moon Fish, and Crowntail are some of the most popular tail types among these species of fish.

 Males typically have shorter tails and longer fins than females, while the body shape of females is usually more rounded. Bettas can also change colors, depending on their mood, stress level, and diet. Many bettas in today's aquariums get their bright colors from a healthy diet and good water conditions.

 It's critical to figure out what kind it is so you can give it the best possible fish care. You may determine this by examining the length of its tail, body form, and color, as well as its fins. So, next time you go to your local pet store, take a look at the Betta fish and select the perfect one for yourself.

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Sarah Robertson


I am a passionate blogger who also happens to be a fish keeping enthusiast. Writing about my hobby is something that I absolutely love to do, and it's no secret that my chosen topic is always centered around fish keeping.

Sarah Robertson

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